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(Code and Color Key)

An Exercise in Capitalization and Punctuation
The Heron
Adapted from: Chit-chat stories for little folks.
Analysis Key

      The heron is a large, strange-looking bird. He has very long thin legs, and his bill also is very long. He likes to live apart from other birds. Herons make nests of sticks and wool. They often stand quite still in shallow water and watch for fish.
      The heron is a large, strange-looking bird (PN). | He has very long 

thin legs (DO), | and his bill also is very long (PA). | He likes to live [#1] 

apart {from other birds} [#2]. | Herons make nests (DO) {of sticks and wool}. | 

They often stand quite still {in shallow water} and watch {for fish}. |


Notes
1. Technically, "to live" is a verbal (infinitive) that functions as the direct object of "likes," but at this point in their work, students can underline "likes to live" as the verb.
2. Webster's on-line dictionary includes "apart from" as a preposition, but "apart" is also given as an adverb. Thus "from other birds" can be viewed as a prepositional phrase that modifies the adverb "apart." Either explanation is acceptable.