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(Code and Color Key

Exercise # 18
From "Spotty the Turtle Wins a Race"
Old Mother West Wind, by Thornton W. Burgess
Analysis Key

     So it was agreed (P) [Delayed Subject that Peter Rabbit and Reddy Fox and

Billy Mink should start together {from the old butternut tree} {on one edge} {of the 

Green Meadows}, race [#1] away {across the Green Meadows} {to the little hill} {on the

other side}] and [Delayed Subject each bring back a nut (DO) {from the big hickory}

[Adj. to "hickory" which grew there.]] | The one [Adj. to "one" who first reached the

old butternut tree (DO) {with a hickory nut}] would be declared (P) the winner [#2].

The Merry Little Breezes flew about {over the Green Meadows} telling everyone [#3

{about the race} | and everyone planned to be [#4] there. |


Notes for KISS Levels Four and Five
1. This S/V/C pattern is interesting because it is unusual. It is formed by the combining of three separate S/V/C patterns -- They should start. They should race, and each should bring. Because they are combined into one pattern, the "should" is ellipsed with the last two verbs, and, for the third verb, the essentially plural subject is replaced by "each," which is almost an appositive to the preceding subjects, but it emphasizes that, as for the bringing, each must do that for himself.
2. Retained predicate noun after the passive "would be declared." The active voice version would be "they would declare him *to be* the winner." Thus "winner" would be a predicate noun after the ellipsed "to be"; "him," in the active voice version, would be the subject of "to be," and the infinitive phrase would be the direct object of "would declare." [Until they study passive voice and retained complements, I let students explain this as a simple direct object. The grammarians and linguists I know hate this. They want to explain everything at once, which is probably why they have been unsuccessful at teaching grammar.]
3." Everyone" is the indirect object of "telling"; "telling" is a gerundive to "Merry Little Breezes."
4.  Infinitive that functions as the direct object of "planned."