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(Code and Color Key

Exercise # 9
From "Billy Mink's Swimming Party"
Old Mother West Wind, by Thornton W. Burgess
Analysis Key

     Billy Mink was coming {down the bank} {of the Laughing Brook}. | Billy Mink

was feeling very good (PA) indeed. | He had had a good breakfast (DO), | the

sun was warm (PA), | little white cloud ships were sailing {across the blue sky}

and their shadows were sailing {across the Green Meadows}, | the birds were

singing | and the bees were humming. | Billy Mink felt {like singing [#1]} too,

but Billy Mink's voice was not meant (P) {for singing [#1] }. |

   The six main clauses in the third sentence are basically joined by commas (items in a list) because they list the reasons for Billy's feeling good. The last two are joined by "and," as is the rule for items in a list, but no comma precedes this "and." The exception to the preceding is the two clauses that are joined by "and" as opposed to the commas. They are probably so joined because they belong together--they are both about the ships.
     In the last sentence, the two main clauses are joined by ", but" because the first clause leads one to expect that Billy would sing. The "but" clause explains the exception to those expectations.

1. Gerund that functions as the object of the preposition.