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(Code and Color Key)

Subordinate Clauses as Adverbs
# 1 Based on “Sally Migrundy”

From FRIENDLY FAIRIES, Written & Illustrated by Johnny Gruelle
Analysis Key

1. This was plenty large (PA) enough {for Sally Migrundy} though [#1], [Adv. (of cause) 

to "plenty," "enough," "large," and/or "was" for she was a tiny little lady (PN) herself [App] ]. |
 

2. Even the mama deer brought their little, wabbly-legged baby deer (DO) to introduce

[#2] {to Sally Migrundy}; | and she rubbed their sleek sides (DO) and talked {to them}

[Adv. (of result) to "rubbed" and "talked" so they couldn’t but love her [#3]]. |
 

3. She had lived there [Adv. to "had lived" when the largest trees {in the forest} were

tiny little sprouts (PN)]. |
 

4. And Sally Migrundy’s note floated along {in the bottle} [Adv. to "floated" until a little

boy and a little girl saw it (DO) and picked it (DO) up]. |
 

5. And [Adv. to "started" when they read Sally Migrundy’s happy-hearted note (DO)],

they started following [#4] {up the stream} [Adv. to "started" until {after a long, long 

time} they came {to the tiny little cottage}]. |
 

6. We found a note (DO) {in a bottle} [#5] and traveled {up the stream} [Adv. to 

"traveled" until we came {to your little cottage}]. |
 

7. But won’t your mamas and daddies be worried [#6] [Adv. to "won't be worried" 

because you have been away {from home} so long]? |


Notes
1. This "though" functions as a conjunctive adverb, similar to "however," connecting this sentence to the previous one.
2. The verbal (infinitive) "to introduce" functions as an adverb (of purpose) to "brought."
3. Expect students to be confused by this. It involves ellipsis -- "they couldn't *do anything* but love her." "Anything:" is the ellipsed direct object of "couldn't do." "Her" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "love," and the infinitive phrase is the object of the preposition "but," which here means "except." The prepositional phrase functions as an adjective to "anything."
4. Technically, "following" is a verbal (a gerund) that functions as the direct object of "started," but if the students have not yet studied the functions of verbals, I would accept it as part of the finite verb phrase.
5. "In a bottle" can also be explained as an adjective to "note."
6. Alternatively, "worried" can be explained as a predicate adjective.