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(Code and Color Key)

Mixed Subordinate Clauses
Based on “Sally Migrundy”
From FRIENDLY FAIRIES, Written & Illustrated by Johnny Gruelle
Analysis Key

1. But [Adv. to "were surprised" when they got inside] they were surprised (P) to 

find [#1] [DO that the rooms were very large (PA)]. |
 

2. [ [#2] As you have probably guessed], the magic cottage took care (DO) to 

make everything comfortable [#3] {for those} [Adj. to "those" who came inside]. |
 

3. And [Adv. to "took" when Sally Migrundy had shown the children (IO) their 

pretty bed room (DO)] she took them (DO) {to the dining room} | and there they

found a table (DO) [Adj. to "table" which had everything (DO) nice to eat [#4]

{upon it}]. |
 

4. And [Adv. to "knew" because the bottle had been used (P) {by Sally Migrundy}]

the two good people suddenly knew all (DO) {about Sally Migrundy, the magic little 

cottage, and the happy children} [Adj. to "children" who lived there]. |
 

5. And [Adv. to "knew" while the good couple have not been able (PA) to see [#5]

the children or Sally Migrundy, or even the tiny magic cottage], they know [DO

they are all there]. |
 

6. And [Adv. to "knew" when they return {to their home} {upon the hill}] they find

[DO they have received enough happiness (DO) {at the clearing} {beside the tinkling, 

singing water} to last them [#6] {for a whole year}]. |
 

7. So she wrote a happy-hearted note (DO) and asked [IO whoever read it (DO)] 

to come and visit her [#7]. |


Notes
1. "To find" is a verbal (an infinitive) that functions as as adverb to "were surprised."
2. If they consider the question, most writers of textbook grammars would probably explain this clause as an adverb to "took care," but the clause does not modify "took care" as much as it interjects the writer's address to readers. Thus, in KISS, this clause can also be explained as functioning as an interjection.
3. "Comfortable" is a predicate adjective after an ellipsed infinitive "to be," the subject of which is "everything." This infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to make," which can be explained as an adjective to "care" and/or an adverb to "took."
4. "To eat" is a verbal (infinitive) that functions as an adverb to "nice" which is a post-positioned adjective to "everything."
5. "Children," "Sally Migrundy, and "cottage" are direct objects of the verbal {infinitive) "to see," which functions as an adverb to "able." Note that if students consider "had not been able to see" idiomatically as "could not see," then the objects of the infinitive become objects of the "finite verb."
6. "Them" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to last," which functions as an adverb to "enough."
7. "Her" is the direct object of "visit." "To come" and "visit" are verbals (infinitives) that function as the direct objects of "asked."