The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Literature Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

A Focus on Compound Complements
At the Back of the North Wind
by George Macdonald
Simplified by Elizabeth Lewis; Illustrated by Maria L. Kirk 
Analysis Key

1. Then Ruby was so lazy (PA) and fat (PA). |

2. The rabbits looked very sober (PA) and wise (PA). |

3. {In a loft} {in the barn} they kept hay (DO) and straw (DO) and 

     oats (DO) {for the horses} [#1]. |

4. The room had a bright light (DO) and a warm fire (DO) {in it}. |

5. And how thin (PA) and weak (PA) you grew {in the beautiful blue

     cave} {in the side} {of the ice}. |

6. North Wind swept the people (DO) all {into their homes} and the bad 

     smells (DO) {out of the streets}. |

7. The wind down below [#2] was making waves (DO) {in the ripe grain}

     and ripples (DO) {on the rivers and lakes}. |

8. He kept picturing {to himself} the many places (DO), lovely and 

     desolate [#3], the hill sides (DO) and farm yards (DO) and tree-tops 

     (DO) and meadows (DO) [#4]. |

9. He could hear the straining (DO) {of the masts}, the creaking (DO)

      {of the boom}, and the singing (DO) {of the ropes} {with the roaring} {of 

      the wind}; [#5] also the surge (DO) {of the waves} {past the ship's sides} and 

     the thud (DO) {of the waves} {against the hull} {of the ship}. |

10. So {on a certain day}, Diamond's father took his mother (DO) and 

     Diamond (DO) himself [#6] and his little brother (DO) and sister (DO)

     and Nanny (DO) and Jim (DO) down {by train} {to "The Mound."} |

1. This "for" phrase can be described as adjectival to "hay," "straw" and "oats," and/or as adverbial to "kept."
2. "Down" and "below" here function as adjectives in that they describe the wind. A more technical explanation involves the ellipsis of a subordinate clause that would describe "wind"-- "The wind *which was* down below *them* . . . ." See KISS Level 5.5 - Post-Positioned Adjectives.
3. "Lovely" and "desolate" are post-positioned adjectives to "places."
4. When they study appositives (KISS Level 5.4), some students will prefer to explain "(hill)sides," "yards," "tree-tops," and "meadows" as appositives to "places."
5. This semicolon (and the following "also" were probably used to separate "surge" from "wind." Without the semicolon, it would be very easy to read "surge" as another object of the preposition 
of" -- "of the wind and the surge."
6. "Himself" is an appositive to "Diamond."