The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Literature Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Person, Number, Case, and Tense
From  At the Back of the North Wind
by George Macdonald

1. The tulips were closed [past] for the night but the wind was waving [past] them [3rd, plural, obj.. - "tulips"] slightly.

2. "Will you [2nd, sing., nom. - unknown] take [future] your [2nd, sing., possessive. - "you"] head out of the bed-clothes?" said [past] the voice a little angrily.

3.  You [2nd, sing., nom. - unknown] see [present], the north wind will blow [future] right in my [1st, sing, possessive - unknown] face.

4. Diamond heard [past] a low, soft murmuring as if the lovely figures were talking [past] to themselves [3rd, plural, obj.. - "figures"] about him [3rd, sing., obj.. - "Diamond"].

5.  "Yes, yes!" cried [past] Diamond, as he [3rd, sing., nom. - "Diamond"] stretched [past] out his [3rd, sing., possessive. - "Diamond"] arms toward her [3rd, sing., obj.. -unknown]. "Yes, I [1st, sing, nom - "Diamond"] will go [future] with you [2nd, sing., obj. - "North Wind"], dear North Wind. I [1st, sing, nom - "Diamond"] am [present] not a bit afraid. I [1st, sing, nom - "Diamond"] will go [future]! But," he [3rd, sing., nom. - "Diamond"] added [past], "how shall I [1st, sing, nom - "Diamond"] get [future] my [1st, sing., possessive. - "Diamond"] clothes? They [1st, plural, nom - "clothes"] are [present] in mother's room and the door is locked [present]."

Analysis Key

1. The tulips were closed (P) {for the night} | but the wind was waving them

(DO) slightly. |
 

2. [DO "Will you take your head (DO) {out of the bed-clothes}?"] said the

voice a little [NuA] angrily. |
 

3.  [ [#1] You see], the north wind will blow right [#2] {in my face}. |
 

4. Diamond heard a low, soft murmuring (DO) [Adj. to "murmuring" as if

the lovely figures were talking {to themselves} {about him}]. |
 

5.  "Yes, yes!" (DO) cried Diamond, [Adv. to "cried" as he stretched out

his arms (DO) {toward her}]. | "Yes, I will go {with you}, dear North Wind

[DirA]. | I am not a bit [NuA] afraid (PA). | I will go! | But," [ [#3] he

added], "how shall I get my clothes (DO)? | They are {in mother's room} | 

and the door is locked (PA) [#4]." |


Notes
1. "You see" could be considered the main subject and verb, but it can also be seen as a subordinate clause that functions as an interjection. See KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?
2. The adverb "right" (directly) modifies the following prepositional phrase.
3. KISS explains this clause as an interjection. See KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?
4. Alternatively, "is locked" can be described as a passive verb. See "Predicate Adjective or Passive Verb?" in KISS Level 1.2. - Adding Complements (PA, PN, IO, DO).