The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Literature Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Is It a Preposition?
from  At the Back of the North Wind
by George Macdonald
Simplified by Elizabeth Lewis; Illustrated by Maria L. Kirk 
Analysis Key

1. He wanted to see [#1] [DO how things looked {since last night}]. |

2. How long [#2] it is [Adv. to "long" since I had anything (DO) to eat [#3] ]! |

3. {Before the end} {of the month}, Ruby had got a great deal [NuA] 

     thinner (PA) | and old Diamond *had got* a good deal [NuA] fatter (PA). |

4. This is my old home (PN) [Adj. to "home" before [#4] we moved 

     {into the city}. |

5. Then {after a time}, he stood {in the middle} {of the room} and told

     them (IO) a nice fairy story (DO). |

6. [Adv. to "sang" After the new baby came], Diamond sang {to her} [#5]. |

7. And here is the book {for you}, full [#6] {of pictures and stories}. |

8. He was sitting {by the fire} and looking rather miserable (PA) 

     [Adv. to "sang" for [#7] his head ached]. |

9. But {at once}, sharp {as a knife} [#8] , the wind came {against his little 

    chest and bare legs}. |

10. Often there was hay (PN) {at little Diamond's feet} [Adv. to "was" as

     he lay {in bed}]. |

11. {From her head} streamed out her black hair {in every direction}

     {like dark clouds}. |

12. Then {at last}, he would scramble {out of the hay}, shoot {like an 

     arrow} {into his bed}, cover himself (DO) up, snuggle down, and

     think [DO what a happy boy (PN) he was]! |


Notes
1. "To see" is a verbal (infinitive) that functions as the direct object of "wanted."
2. If we consider this "how long" to mean "how long a time," then "time" becomes an ellipsed predicate noun and "long" becomes an adjective.
3. The verbal (infinitive) "to eat" functions as an adjective to "anything."
4. You probably will not find "before" as a subordinating conjunction that joins an adjectival clause to words (other than time words) in grammar textbooks, but this clause certainly modifies "home."
5. "To her" can be described either as an indirect object or as an adverb.
6. See KISS Level 5.5 - Post-Positioned Adjectives.
7. See KISS Level 3.2.2 - "So" and "For" as Conjunctions.
8. Some grammar texts prefer to explain "as a knife" as an ellipsed subordinate clause ("as a knife *is sharp*"). In KISS, either explanation is acceptable.