The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Literature Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Direct Address
from
At the Back of the North Wind
by George Macdonald
Simplified by Elizabeth Lewis; Illustrated by Maria L. Kirk 
Analysis Key

1. [DO "What is the matter (PN), mother [DirA] ?"] cried Diamond. |

2. "Oh [Inj] dear North Wind [DirA]!" (DO) [#1] cried the boy. |

3. "*You* Stop! | *You* stop! little girl [DirA]!" [ [#2] shouted 

Diamond, starting [#3] {in pursuit}]. |

4. "Still I cannot believe [DO you are cruel (PA), North Wind [DirA] ]!" |

5. "Why [Inj], Diamond [DirA], child [#4] !" she said {at last}. |

6. "*You* Come in, my little man [DirA]," [ [#2] he said]. |

7. "Isn't it jolly (PA), father [DirA]!" [ [#2] he said]. |

8. "I am not a fairy (PN)," [ [#2] answered the little creature]. | "You [#5]

stupid Diamond [DirA], have you never seen me (DO) before?" |

9. "Nanny [DirA], do you know me (DO)?" [ [#2] asked Diamond]. |

10. "No, Diamond [DirA]. I am only waiting {for a moment} to set you [#6] down." |


Notes
1. The words in quotation marks are the direct object of "cried."
2. Here we have a question about clauses that I have not seen a grammar book address. We could say that the entire quotation is the direct object of "shouted." But this type of thing with quotations happens frequently. Ultimately, therefore, KISS prefers an alternative explanation. The clauses within the quotation are considered main clauses, and the "shouted" clause is explained as an interjection. For more on this, see KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?.
3. "Starting" is a verbal (a gerundive) that modifies "Diamond."
4. "Child" can be explained as another instance of Direct Address, and/or as an appositive to "Diamond." The words in quotation marks are, of course, the direct object of "said."
5. This "You" is an appositive to the following "you."
6. "You" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to set." In context, the infinitive phrase functions as an adjective to "moment." Out of context, this may be hard to follow, but the North Wind means that she is seeking the right moment in which to set Diamond down. Out of context, "for a moment" may be seen as adverbial (time) to "am waiting."