1. Place parentheses ( ) around each prepositional
2. Underline verbs twice, their subjects once, and label complements
("PA," "PN," "IO," or "DO").
3. Draw an arrow from every adjective and adverb to the word it modifies.
a toy that is a gorilla alien. He is a pretty cool alien, but sometimes
can be annoying. But he's pretty
cool. My friends really like to play with the alien
a lot. I gave him a pretty cool
name. It is Gorilla Alien. He has soft pointy
II. Do a statistical analysis:
1. Count the total number of words in the selection (TW).
2. Count the total number of sentences in the selection (TS).
3. Count the total number of words that are in prepositional phrases
4. Count the total number of words that you were Unable to
5. Divide the total number of words (TW) by the total number of sentences
(TS). This will give you the average number of words that you use in a
sentence. You can compare that number to the numbers in the statistical
exercises that you will do and/or to the average for your class. (Remember,
like Goldilocks, you do not want that number to be too hot (high) or too
cold (low). The best place to be in somewhere near the middle.)
6. Divide the total number of words that are in prepositional
phrases (TWPP) by the total number of words (TW). You can compare this
number to those in the samples and your class average. It will give you
an idea of how much you are using prepositional phrases (primarily to add
descriptive details of people, things, times and places).
7. Subtract the total number of words that you were Unable to
(UtE) from the total number of words in what you wrote (TW). This will
give you the approximate number of words (in your own writing) that you
already grammatically explain (NCE). Divide this number by the total number
of words (TW). (This shows approximately how much of
your own writing that you can already explain.)