Adjectives and adverbs are called
"modifiers" because they modify (change) the meaning of the words they
chunk to. Adjectives and adverbs add many kinds of information to sentences.
Here we will focus on the most common questions that they answer.
Adjectives help identify what nouns or pronouns mean. They do so by describing or limiting the words they modify. They usually answer the questions:
What kind of? Which? Whose? How many?
Adverbs of Time answer question When? Some examples are: now, then, soon, early, formerly, and today.
Adverbs of Space answer questions such as Where? or In what direction? Examples are: here, there, far, near, aloft, forward, backward, north, and northward.
Adverbs of Manner usually answer the questions How? Examples are happily, carefully, easily, quickly, fast, and hard as in "They work hard."
Adverbs of Degree usually and questions like How much? or How often? Some examples are so, very, much, little, exceedingly, hardly, regularly, often, barely, rarely, and not (the negative adverb).
Note that some words can be seen as answering more than
one of the listed questions. For example, in a sentence such as "He never
missed a catch," "never" can be described as an adverb of time (When?)
and as an adverb of degree (How often?)
In the exercises that follow,
words in the sentences will be numbered. On separate paper, write the number
of the word, whether the word functions as an adjective or adverb, the
word it modifies, its logical category, and the question that it answers.
Note that for this perspective, the logical category of all adjectives
1. Yesterday , the young 
prince took his new bride to his father's  palace.
Note that "young" (#2) could mean "which" if there are two or more princes. Otherwise "young" simply describes the prince and thus answers the question "What kind of?"