The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks KISS Level 1.2
The Questions that Adjectives
and Adverbs Answer

     Adjectives and adverbs are called "modifiers" because they modify (change) the meaning of the words they chunk to. Adjectives and adverbs add many kinds of information to sentences. Here we will focus on the most common questions that they answer.


Adjectives

     Adjectives help identify what nouns or pronouns mean. They do so by describing or limiting the words they modify. They usually answer the questions: 

What kind of? Which? Whose? How many?


Adverbs

    Adverbs of Time answer question When? Some examples are: now, then, soon, early, formerly, and today. 

     Adverbs of Space answer questions such as Where? or In what direction? Examples are: here, there, far, near, aloft, forward, backward, north, and northward.

     Adverbs of Manner usually answer the questions How? Examples are happily, carefully, easily, quickly, fast, and hard as in "They work hard." 

     Adverbs of Degree usually and questions like How much? or How often? Some examples are so, very, much, little, exceedingly, hardly, regularly, often, barely, rarely, and not (the negative adverb).

Note that some words can be seen as answering more than one of the listed questions. For example, in a sentence such as "He never missed a catch," "never" can be described as an adverb of time (When?) and as an adverb of degree (How often?)


     In the exercises that follow, words in the sentences will be numbered. On separate paper, write the number of the word, whether the word functions as an adjective or adverb, the word it modifies, its logical category, and the question that it answers. Note that for this perspective, the logical category of all adjectives is "identity."
For example:

1. Yesterday [1], the young [2] prince took his new bride to his father's [3] palace.
2. The hunters very [4] quickly [5] turned northward [6] to follow the bear.
 

1. Adverb to "took" Time When?
2.  Adjective to "prince" Identity Which? What kind of?
3.  Adjective to "palace" Identity Whose?
4. Adverb to "quickly" Degree How much?
5.  Adverb to "turned" Manner How?
6.  Adverb to "turned" Space In what direction?

Note that "young" (#2) could mean "which" if there are two or more princes. Otherwise "young" simply describes the prince and thus answers the question "What kind of?"