The KISS Grammar Workbooks Back to October Menu
(Code and Color Key)

That Pesky "To" -- Exercise # 4
Analysis Keys

1.) The farm was used (P) to produce produce [#1]. |

2.) I had to subject the subject (DO) {to a series} [Adv. to "had to subject"] {of tests} [Adj. to "series"]. |

3.) They were too close (PA) {to the door} [Adv. to the previous "close"] to close it [#2]. |

4.) To help [#3] {with planting} [Adv. to "help"], the farmer taught his sow (IO) to sow [#4]. |

5.) The wind was too strong (PA) to wind the sail [#5]. |

6.) There [#6] was a row (PN) {among the oarsmen} [Adv. to "was"] {about [#7] how to row [#7]}. |

7.) [Adv. to "thought" Since there [#6] is no time (PN) {like the present} [Adj. to "time"]], he 

thought [DO of "thought" it was time (PN) to present the present [#8].] |


Notes
1.  "Produce" is the direct object of the infinitive "to produce." The infinitive functions as an adverb to "was used."
2. "It" is the direct object of the infinitive "to close." The infinitive functions as an adverb to "too."
3. The infinitive "to help" functions as an adverb to "taught"; "planting" is a gerund that functions as the object of the preposition "with."
4. The infinitive "to sow" is the direct object of "taught."
5. "Sail" is the direct object of the infinitive "to wind." The infinitive functions as an adverb to "too."
6. See also "Expletives."
7. This one will cause confusion, so I would not expect students to get it until they get to infinitives. (I would expect them NOT to mark "to row" as a prepositional phrase.) The preposition here is "about," its object is the pronoun "how," and the infinitive "to row" functions as an adjective to "how."
8. "Present" is the direct object of the infinitive "to present"; the infinitive functions as an adjective to "time."