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(Code and Color Key

That Pesky "To" -- Exercise # 5
Analysis Key

1.) The kids were eager (PA) to ride the ferris wheel [#1]. | The wait {in line} [Adj. to "wait"] 

to get [#2] {to the ride} [Adv. to "to get"] was long (PA). |
 

2.) The boys wanted it to snow [#3]. | Maybe this rain will change {to snow} [Adv. to

"to will change" [#4]] overnight. |
 

3.) Dad went to park the car [#5]. | We enjoy going (DO) [#6] {to the park} [Adv. to "going"]. |
 

4.) My big sister loves to dance [#7]. | She went {to the dance} [Adv. to "went"]

{with her boyfriend} [Adv. to "went"]|
 

5.) I found something (DO) new [#8] to cook [#9]. |  *You* Let's show that 

recipe [#10] {to the cook} [Adv. to "show" [#11]]. |
 

6.) It's the perfect weekend (PN) to camp [#12] outdoors. | Our troop couldn't 

wait to get [#13] {to camp} [Adv. to "to get"]. |
 

7.) Seventy-year-old grandpa doesn't have to work. | But he enjoys his job (DO)

and goes {to work} [Adv. to "goes"] every day [NuA]. |
 

8.) {After finding the home} [#14] {of the Three Bears} [Adj. to "home"], Goldilocks 

wanted to go [#15{to bed} [Adv. to "to go" [#16]]. | She went {from bed} [Adv. to "went"]

{to bed} [Adv. to "went"] to find the one [#17] [Adj. to "one" that was "just right (PA)!"] |


Notes
1. "Ferris wheel" is the direct object of the infinitive "to ride." The infinitive functions as an adverb to the adjective "eager."
2. The infinitive "to get" functions as an adjective to "wait."
3. "It" is the subject of the infinitive "to snow." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "wanted."
4. Alternately, "will change to" could be considered an idiomatic verb, i.e., "will become," in which case "snow" becomes a predicate noun.
5.  "Car" is the direct object of the infinitive "to park." The infinitive phrase functions as an adverb to "went."
6. Note that "going" is a gerund.
7. The infinitive "to dance" functions as the direct object of "loves."
8.  "New" is a post-positioned adjective to "something" (something *that is* new...").
9. The infinitive "to cook" functions as an adjective to "something."
10.  "Recipe" is the direct object of the infinitive "show"; "us," in "Let us," is the subject of the infinitive, and the infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "Let."
11. Alternately, and perhaps preferably, "to the cook" could be explained as the indirect object of show.
12.  "To camp" is an infinitive. Some people will see it functioning as an adjective to "weekend"; others will explain it as an adverb to the adjective "perfect."
13.  "To get" is an infinitive, but here again people will disagree in explaining its function. Some will consider it to be the direct object of "wait," and others will see is as an adverb to "wait."
14. I would expect students working at KISS Levels One through Three to be somewhat confused by this phrase. "Home" is the direct object of the gerund "finding." The gerund phrase functions as the object of the preposition "After."
15. The infinitive "to go" functions as the direct object of "wanted."
16. Some people will argue that "bed" here is a verb, and thus that this is an infinitive and not a prepositional phrase. Either explanation should be accepted. The problem with the teaching of grammar in our schools is that grammarians fight over questions such as this and never get to the larger, more important questions of sentence structure. That is why KISS includes alternate explanations. Note that a similar, but more obvious problem appears in "go to sleep," where "sleep" can be explained either as a noun or a verb.
17. "One" functions as the direct object of the infinitive "to find." The infinitive phrase functions as an adverb to "went."