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Is it a preposition? Exercise #2
Analysis Key

This is a another very challenging exercise for third graders. Make sure that your students know that, and if they do well, praise them plentifully. (To make this exercise easier, change the directions and simply have the students identify the prepositional phrases.

1.  Amy lives right [#1] {across the street} [Adverb to "lives"] {from me} [Adverb to 

"across the street"]. |

2.  Amy lives right {across the street} [Adverb to "lives"] {from [#2] [OP where I do]}. |

3.  Annie has been my very best friend (PN) [Adv. (time) to "has been" since I moved here]. |

4.  I met Annie (DO) {in 1964}. | {Since then} [Adverb to "has been"] she has been my very best friend (PN). |

5.  Some people are afraid (PA) {of my dog} [Adverb to "afraid"] [Adv. (cause) to 

"has been" because she looks mean (PA) ]. |

6.  My dog looks mean (PA). | Some people are afraid (PA) {of her} [Adverb

to "afraid"] {because of that} [Adverb to "are"]. |

7.  My dog won't eat anything (DO) {except Alpo} [Adjective to "anything"]. |

8.  She won't eat anything (DO) {except [#2] [OP what I give her (IO) [#3] ]}. |

9.   My mom doesn't like my dad to tell me [#4] {about life} [Adverb to "to tell"] 

[Adv. (cause) to "doesn't like" because she's afraid (PA) [Adv. to "afraid" he might

tell me (IO) something (DO) [Adj. to "something" I shouldn't know]]]. |

10.   My mom doesn't like my dad to tell me [#4] {about [#2] [OP what life is 

like [#5] ]} [Adv. (cause) to "doesn't like" because she's afraid (PA) [Adv. to "afraid"

he might tell me (IO) something (DO) [Adj. to "something" I shouldn't know]]]. |


Note
1. "Right" modifies the prepositional phrase and thus functions as an adverb. [An adverb modifying a prepositional phrase is something that is rarely, if ever, discussed in traditional grammar textbooks, but it is fairly common. Similarly, I have never seen a textbook explain that a prepositional phrase can modify another entire prepositional phrase, but "from me" does not modify "street" or "lives." One could argue that it modifies the preposition "across," but that is as unusual as claiming that it modifies the entire prepositional phrase "across the street," and it makes less sense.]
2. Three of these sentences include prepositional phrases which, if they follow the directions, students are expected to miss. These are phrases that have noun clauses as the object of the preposition.
3. The direct object of "give" is the "what," which also functions as the subordinating conjunction.
4. "Dad" is the subject, and "me" is the indirect object of the verbal (infinitive) "to tell." The infinitive functions as the direct object of "doesn't like."
5. Grammarians would have differing explanations for this "like." Some would consider "is like" a phrasal verb because it means "resembles." Others would consider it a preposition, the object of which is "what," (which also functions as the subordinate conjunction). Having considered it a preposition, some would consider the prepositional phrase to be functioning as an adverb to "is," whereas others would describe the phrase as a predicate adjective. Thus, within KISS, any and all of these explanations are acceptable.