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A Review of Person, Number, Case, and Tense
From "Hansel and Grethel" 
in My Book of Favorite Fairy Tales
Analysis Key

Directions:
1. Over each personal pronoun write its person, number, and case. If there is an antecedent for a pronoun in the sentence, draw an arrow from the pronoun to it.
2. Over each verb, write its tense (Present, Past, Future).

1. They [3rd, plural, nominative] will not find [Future] the way (DO) home [#1] again. |
 

2. Their [3rd, plural, possessive] father had not had [Past] one happy hour (DO)

[Adv. (time) to "had not had" since he [3rd, singular, nominative; arrow to "father"] had

left [Past] the children (DO) {in the forest}]. |
 

3. "How can we [1st, plural, nominative] feed [Present] our [1st, plural, possessive] 

children (DO), [Adv. (time) to "can feed" when we [1st, plural, nominative] have 

[Present] no more (DO) [ [#2] than we [1st, plural, nominative] can eat [Present]

ourselves [1st, plural, nominative] [#3] ]]?" |
 

4. "We [1st, plural, nominative] will give [Future] them (IO) [3rd, plural, objective] 

each [#4] a little piece (DO) {of bread}." |
 

5. [Adv. (time) to "laughed" When Hansel and Grethel came [Past] {near the witch's 

house}] she [3rd, singular, nominative; arrow to "witch's"] laughed [Past] wickedly. |
 

6. "Hansel [DirA], what [#5] are [Present] you [2nd, singular, nominative; arrow

to "Hansel"] looking {at}, | and why do [Present] you [2nd, singular, nominative; arrow

to "Hansel"] lag behind?" |
 

7.  "No, wife [DirA]," [ [#6] replied [Past] he [3rd, singular, nominative]], "that (DO)

I [1st, singular, nominative; arrow to "he"] can never do [Present] [#7] ." |
 

8. Hansel got up [Past] and put [Past] on his [3rd, singular, possessive; arrow to

"Hansel"] coat (DO). |
 

9. "There swims [Present] a white duck, | [#8] I [1st, singular, nominative] will ask [Future] 

her (IO) [3rd, singular, objective; arrow to "duck"] to help us [#9] [1st, plural, objective; 

arrow to "I"?] {over the water}." |
 

10. "Now, you [DirA] [2nd, plural, nominative; arrow to "children"] children [#10]

*you* lie [Present] down {near the fire}, and rest [Present] yourselves (DO) 

[2nd, plural, objective; arrow to "children"]." |
 

11.  They [3rd, plural, nominative] knocked [Past] {at the door}, | and the wife 

opened [Past] it (DO) [3rd, singular, objective; arrow to "door"]. |
 

12. "I [1st, singular, nominative; arrow to "Hansel"] am looking [Present] {at my little

dove}," [ [#6] answered [Past] Hansel], "nodding a good-bye [#11] {to me}

[1st, singular, objective; arrow to "Hansel"]." |


Notes
1. "Home" here clearly modifies "way," so we cannot consider it a noun used as an adverb, but we can explain this idiomatic expression as the object of an ellipsed preposition "to."
2. You will have a hard time finding this one in grammar textbooks. If we consider the clause as modifying "more," it functions as an adjective, but if we consider it as modifying "no," which in turn modifies "more," then it is adverbial.
3. It would be funny if someone explained "ourselves" as a direct object. It is an appositive to "we."
4. "Each" is an appositive to "them."
5. "What" is the object of the preposition "at."
6. KISS explains this clause as an interjection. See KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?
7. Although this verb is present tense in form, it clearly also implies the future.
8. Note the comma-splice.
9. "Us" is the indirect object of the verbal (infinitive) "to help." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "will ask."
10. Grammarians will debate this one. "You" could be considered the subject of "lie," but the comma after "children cuts it off from its verb. Thus is can alternatively be explained as direct address. "Children" can then be explained as an appositive to "you."
11. "Good-bye" is the direct object of the verbal (gerundive) "nodding" which functions as an adjective to "dove."