The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

The Logic of Prepositional Phrases
From My Book of Favorite Fairy Tales
Analysis Key

1. Only {at night} [Adv. (when?) to "should be opened"] should the dark carriage

be opened (P) . | ["The White Fawn"]

2. Copies {of the Princess's portrait} [Adj. (which?) to "Copies"] were carried (P)

{to all the Courts} [Adv. (where?) to "were carried"] {in the world} [Adj. (which?) to 

"Courts"]. | ["The White Fawn"]

3. The cottage stands {under three great oak trees} [Adv. (where?) 

to "stands"]. | ["Little Red Riding Hood"]

4. The cradle was ornamented (P) {with rubies and diamonds} [Adv.

(how?) to "was ornamented"]. | ["The White Fawn"]

5. Then, {for the first time} [Adv. (when?) to "saw"], the Princess Desirée saw the

light (DO) {of day} [Adj. (what kind of?) to "light"] !!! | ["The White Fawn"]

6. The king's daughter should not die, but fall asleep {for a hundred years}

[Adv. (how long?) to "fall asleep"] . | ["Sleeping Beauty"]

7. {In the evening} [Adv. (when?) to "returned"], she returned {to her attendants}

[Adv. (where?) to "returned"]. | ["The White Fawn"]

8.  Suliman had often dared to tell the Prince (IO) {of his faults} [Adv.

(what?) to "dared to tell"] [#1]  . | ["Prince Cheri"]

9. How cheerful (PA) everything is {around you} [Adv. (where?) to "is"]

{in the forest} [Adv. (where?) to "is"]. | ["Little Red Riding Hood"]

10. The two sisters went {to the brook} [Adv. (where?) to "went"] to catch fish [#2]

{for dinner} [Adv. (why?) to "to catch" and/or Adj. (what kind of?) to "fish"]. | ["Snow-White and Rose-Red"]

11. The Wolf, however, ran straight {to the house} [Adv. (where?) to "ran"] {of the old

grandmother} [Adj. (whose?) to "house"]. | ["Little Red Riding Hood"]

12. So she roved about {by herself} [Adv. (under what condition?) to "roved"], and

poked {at all the rooms and chambers} [Adv. (where?) to "poked"]. | ["Sleeping Beauty"]

13. Then, {with three waves} [Adv. (how?) to "caused"] {of a wand} [Adj. (what kind

of?)  to "waves"], the Fairies caused a high tower to spring [#3] up. | ["The White Fawn"]

1. "Dared to tell of his faults" raises some technical questions. Of all the questions normally associated with adjectives and adverbs, "of his faults" most closely answers "What?" But it is "what?" in the sense of "about," i.e., a generalization rather than "what?" in the direct sense of a direct object. You might want to use this one as a chance to show students of the gray areas in the 
"rules" of grammars.
2. "Fish" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to catch." The infinitive phrase functions as an adverb (of purpose) to "went."
3. "Tower" is the subject of the verbal (infinitive) "to spring," or, if you prefer, "to spring up." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "caused."