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(Code and Color Key)

The Spring Beauty: An Ojibbeway Legend
by Henry R. Schoolcraft (Adapted)
An Exercise in Punctuation

The original is:

     “Ah, my son,” said the old man, “I am happy to see you.  Come in!  Tell me your adventures, and what strange lands you have seen.  I will tell you of my wonderful deeds, and what I can perform.  You shall do the same, and we will amuse each other.”

Analysis Key

     “Ah [Inj], my son [DirA][ [#1] said the old man,] “I am happy (PA) to see 

you [#2]. | *You* Come in! | *You* Tell me (IO) your adventures (DO), and 

[DO what [#3] strange lands (DO) you have seen]. |  I will tell you (IO) {of my 

wonderful deeds}, and [ [#4] what (DO) I can perform]. |  You shall do the same 

(DO), | and we will amuse each other (DO) [#5] |

1. Because it sits in the middle of what traditional grammars would consider to be the direct object of "said," KISS considers this clause as an interjection. See "Interjection or Direct Object?"
2. "You" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to see." The infinitive phrase functions as an adverb to "happy."
3. Note how this "what" functions as a subordinating conjunction but also modifies "lands," the direct object of "have seen."
4. This clause can be explained as a direct object of "tell," but since coordinating conjunctions ("and") usually join identical constructions, some people may prefer to explain this clause as as a compound object of the preceding preposition :"of" -- "and *of* what I can perform."
5. Some grammarians may prefer to explain "each" as an appositive to "we," but this explanation will not make much sense to students working at this level. {We each will amuse *the* other.)