KISS Grammar Workbooks 2004 North Carolina Trainer Manual
(Code and Color Key)

From the Writing of Fourth Graders:
Compound Main Clauses
Analysis Key

1. {On February 18, 2003} {after school} I was doing my homework (DO), | and my 

mom was cooking dinner (DO). |
 

2. The rain came down hard and fast [#1], | and I was getting soaked (P) [#2]! |
 

3. Alice started trying (DO) to turn off the stove [#3], | but she couldn't reach it (DO). |
 

4. I got {on my bike}, | my dad pushed me (DO), | and I started. |
 

5. I wobbled a little bit [NuA], | but then I got my balance (DO) and took off! |
 

6. I searched the list (DO) {of things} {on the menu}, | and my dad had some suggestions (DO). |
 

7. We were missing only one ingredient (DO), | but it was a very important 

ingredient (PN) | it was the flour (PN). |


Notes
1. Those who do not like to explain "hard" and "fast" as adverbs here can, in KISS, explain them as predicate adjectives in a palimpsest pattern with "came" written over "was." Thus the sentence "The rain came down." is added to, and the verb written over the verb in, "The rain was hard and fast."
2. Grammarians will debate this one (among themselves). Some may not consider this "getting" formation to be a true passive verb, and still others may prefer to consider "soaked" as a predicate adjective.
3. "Stove" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to turn." ("Off" can be considered part of the finite verb phrase or as an adverb to it.) The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of the verbal (gerund) "trying," which, in turn, functions as the direct object of "started."