The Printable KISS Grammar Books Return to Menu on Tenses
(Code and Color Key)

Recognizing Basic Verb Tenses
(Ex # 1)
Analysis Key (FYI)

1. One day [NuA] Billy was racing along {in front} {of the children}. | past

2. I am very sorry (PA), sir [DirA]. | present

3. {At home}, the children will teach Billy Jones (IO) many tricks (DO). | future

4. Billy Jones carries his lunch basket (DO) {to a chair}. | present

5. They will teach the dog (IO) never to cross the street [#1] {without them}. | future

6. {In doing so [#2]} he runs bang [NuA] {into a big St. Bernard dog}. | present

7. People {along the way} [#3] were laughing and shouting {to the dog}. | past

8. One day [NuA] the cook left the door open [#4] only a wee bit [NuA]. | past

9. Billy will be surprised (P) {by all the funny games}. | future

10. The little dog throws back his funny little round face (DO) and whines and barks

and howls all {in time} {to the music}. | present


Notes
1. At this point in their work, this will confuse students. "Street" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to cross." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "will teach."
2. "So" is the direct object of the verbal (gerund) "doing" which functions as the object of the preposition.
3. Alternatively, "along the way" can be described as adverbial to "were laughing" and "shouting."
4. Within KISS, "open" is a predicate adjective after an ellipsed infinitive -- left the door *to be* open. The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "left."