The Printable KISS Grammar Books Return to Menu on Tenses
(Code and Color Keys)

Recognizing Basic Verb Tenses
(Ex # 2)
Analysis Key (FYI)

1.  They will stand {on their hind legs} and march up and down {before the door} {of the camp}. | future

2. The bears are surprised (P) {by the noise} {of the crashing tin plates}. | present

3. The cook gives Snuff (IO) and Ruff (IO) two plates (DO) to take [#1] {to the strangers}. | present

4. The twins were bringing out the plates (DO) and pretending to take orders [#2]. | past

5. The boy will make them (IO) little white caps (DO) and short white aprons (DO). | future

6. The guests can see the funny, sober faces (DO) {of the twins}. | present

7. They saw a hairy paw (DO) and found a bear's head (DO) close [#3] {to their own}. | past

8. The bears will carry stick guns (DO) and wear paper soldier caps (DO). | future

9. The strangers are begging to have Snuff and Ruff wait [#4] {on table} again. | present

10. They had been found (P) asleep and alone {at the foot} {of a small fir tree} {on 

the banks} [#5] {of the Sacramento River}. | past

1. The verbal (infinitive) "to take" functions as an adjective to "plates."
2. At this point in their work, I would accept "pretending to take" as the finite verb and "orders" as its direct object. Technically, "to take" is a verbal (infinitive) that functions as the direct object of "pretending."
3. "Close" is a post-positioned adjective to "head."
4. "Snuff" and "Ruff" are subjects of the verbal (infinitive) "wait." That infinitive phrase is the direct object of the infinitive "to have." Some grammarians will see "to have" as the direct object of "are begging"; others will see it as an adverb to "are begging." Thus either explanation is acceptable. At this point in their work, I would accept "are begging to have" as the finite verb phrase.
5. The "on the banks" phrase could also be seen as describing the fir tree, and thus embedded in that phrase.