The Printable KISS Grammar Books Return to Menu on Tenses
(Code and Color Key)

Recognizing Basic Verb Tenses
(Ex # 3)
Analysis Key

1. I shall be nine years [NuA] old (PA) next Saturday [NuA]. | future

2. What (DO) did I promise you (IO), David [DirA]? | past

3. Mother is helping David to get ready to go [#1] {to the city} {with Father}. | present

4. The tide was flowing {down the river} {to the sea}. | past

5. This Saturday morning [NuA] David and his father will have a very interesting trip (DO) {on the ferry} [#2]. | future

6. A big ocean steamer was making its way (DO) slowly {down the river}. | past

7. Two short blasts {of the whistle} will be a signal (PN) {to the small boat} [#3]. | future

8. The ferry is slowly making its way (DO) {across the river} and coming {to the shore}. | present

9. Two men had been standing {on either side} {of the ferry}. | past

10. The men will have opened the gates (DO), | and the people and cars will

have gotten {off the ferry} [#4]. | future

1. The verbal (infinitive) "to go" functions as an adverb to "ready." "Ready" functions as a predicate adjective after the infinitive "to get" (become). "David" is the indirect object of "helping" and the subject of the infinitive "to get." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "helping."
2. Alternatively, adverbial to "will have" (where?)
3. Alternatively, adjectival to "signal" (what kind?)
4. Alternatively, "off" can be considered part of the finite verb phrase (gotten off = left). That would make "ferry" a direct object.