The Printable KISS Grammar Books Return to Menu on Tenses
(Code and Color Key)

Recognizing Basic Verb Tenses
(Ex # 4)
Analysis Key

1. Long, long ago {in the little town} {of Atri}, there [#1] ruled a good king. | past

2. A judge will go {to the tower} to hear the complaint [#2]. | future

3. Messengers are going {through all the land} {with news} {for the people}. | present

4. His call {for justice} shall be heard (P). | future

5. The soldier hung his head (DO) {in shame} and led the horse (DO) away. | past

6. This horse will serve you (DO) {for many years} and often save your life (DO). | future

7. The judge is putting on [#3] his rich robes (DO) and hurrying {to the market place}. | present

8. Many times [NuA] the bell had been rung (P) | and justice had been done (P). | past

9. A great bell will be hung (P) {in a tower} {in the market place} [#4]. | future

10. It is the horse (PN) {of the rich soldier} [Adj. to "soldier"  [#5] who lives {in the castle}]. | present

1. I've marked this "there" as an adverb, but alternatively it could be described as an expletive. Still another alternative would be to consider this a palimpsest pattern, with "ruled" written over "was" in the S/V/PN pattern, "There was a good king."
2. "Complaint" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to hear." The infinitive functions as an adverb (of purpose) to "will go." [Remember that for third graders here, the important thing is that they do not mark "to hear" as a prepositional phrase.
3. Alternatively, "on" can be explained as an adverb.
4. Alternatively, the "in" phrase can be seen as an adverb to "will be hung."
5. Adjectival clauses are not introduced until fourth grade, but third graders should be able to identify the tense of the verbs. They may be confused by "who" as a subject, but remind them that they are expected to be. If you simply explain that this is a clause that functions as an adjective, and that they will be studying them later, you may be surprised by how many students will remember that idea and find adjectival clauses easier to master.