The Printable KISS Grammar Books Return to Menu on Tenses
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Recognizing Basic Verb Tenses
(Ex # 6)
Analysis Key
Note that these are all compound main clauses so this exercise can also be used to review them.

1. The captain opens the box (DO) {of jewels}, | and he shows Dick (IO) some (DO) {of his riches}. | present

2. An army {of rats and mice} ran {into the room}, | and they ate {from every dish}. | past

3. It was a long walk (PN) {for the little boy}, | but {at last} he came {to London}. | past

4. The cat will see them (DO), | and {in a few minutes} she will have killed many 

(DO) {of the rats and mice}. | future

5. The ship {with the cat} {on board} had a long and stormy voyage (DO), | and it 

was {at last} driven (P) {to a strange land}. | past

6. His bed is {in an attic} | and {at night} many mice and rats come {through the 

holes} {in the walls}. | present

7. Dick hides his cat (DO) {in the attic}, | and every day [NuA] he carries a part

(DO) {of his dinner} {to her}. | present

8. The captain will sell your cat (DO) {to the king} {of a foreign land}, | and he will

bring you (IO) {in return} many riches (DO). | future

9. They are coming down {to the shore} {in great crowds} to see the sailors [#1], | and 

they are buying fine things (DO) {on the ship} [#2]. | present

10. The kind man will ask the cook to give Dick a good dinner [#3], | and then he 

will find some work (DO) {for him} to do [#4]. | future

1. "Sailors" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to see." The infinitive phrase functions as an adverb (of purpose) to "are coming."
2. Some people will see "on the ship" as adjectival to "things."
3. "Dinner" is the direct object, and "Dick" is the indirect object, of the verbal (infinitive) "to give." "Cook" is the subject of that infinitive -- and simultaneously the indirect object of "will ask." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "will ask."
4. Grammarians would probably offer a variety of explanations for this verbal (infinitive) "to do." It could be explained as an adjective to "work." At this stage in their work, I would expect third graders to mark "for him" as a prepositional phrase, but note that that phrase could also be considered an adverb to "will find." The preferred KISS explanation is to consider "him" to be the subject of the infinitive "to do," and the infinitive phrase to be the object of the preposition -- {for him to do}. Explained in that way, the prepositional phrase is adjectival to "work."