The KISS Grammar Workbooks Back to September Menu
(Code and Color Key)

"Why the Cat always Falls upon her Feet"
from The Book of Nature Myths by Florence Holbrook
Exercise # 4
Analysis Key

1.) The serpent drew back, | but the magician's eyes were shut (PA) [#1], | and it 

went closer. |

2.) The serpent hissed, | and the flames shot {from its eyes}. |

3.) You shall be known [P] {over the earth} {as the friend} {of man}, | and you shall 

always have a home (DO) {in the home} {of man}. |

4.) It struck wildly {at the brave little cat}, | but now the cat had no fear (DO). |

5.) Again and again she leaped {upon the serpent's head}, | and {at last} the creature 

lay [#2] dead (PA). |

1. "Were shut" could also be considered a passive verb, but until they study passive voice, I would expect students to mark "shut" as a predicate adjective. After they have learned to recognize passive voice, they can join the debate as to whether it is truly a passive or a predicate adjective.
2. Expect students to be confused here. KISS explains this as a palimpsest pattern, with "lay" written over "was."