The Printable KISS Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Compound Main Clauses
 Ex # 1 Based on the Second Story in The Snow Queen
From Stories from Hans Andersen with illustrations by Edmund Dulac
Analysis Key

1. {In the summer} they could reach each other (DO) {with one bound}, | but {in the

winter} they had to go {down all the stairs} {in one house} and {up all the stairs} {in the

other}, | and outside there [#1] were snowdrifts (PN). |
 

2. She is biggest (PA) [#2] {of them all}, | and she never remains {on the ground}. |
 

3. Many a winter's night [NuA] she flies {through the streets} and peeps in [#3] {at the 

windows}, | and then the ice freezes {on the panes} {into wonderful patterns} {like flowers}. |
 

4. Still she was alive (PA), | her eyes shone {like two bright stars}, | but there [#4] 

was no rest (PN) or peace (PN) {in them}. |
 

5. The next day was bright (PA) and frosty (PA), | and then came the thaw |  

and {after that} *came* the spring. |


Notes
1. Alternatively, "snowdrifts" can be explained as the subject and "there" as either an adverb or an expletive.
2. Some grammarians will probably argue that there is an implied (ellipsed) "the" before "biggest," which would make it a predicate noun. That would make "of them all" an adjective (but grammarians rarely discuss the full context of sentences, so it is difficult to know what they might say here). Note that "all" can simply be included in the prepositional phrase as an adjective to "them," although some people might prefer to see it an an appositive.
3. "In" is the remnant of an ellipsed prepositional phrase -- in *the house.*
4. Alternatively, "rest" and "peace" can be explained as the subjects and "there" as either an adverb or an expletive.