The KISS Grammar Workbooks Back to April Menu
(Code and Color Key)

from
"How the Rhinoceros Got His Skin," by Rudyard Kipling
Analysis Key

     Presently the Parsee came by [#1] and found the skin (DO), | and he smiled

one smile (DO) [#2] [Adj. to "smile" that ran all {round his face} two times [NuA].] |

Then he danced three times [NuA] {round the skin} and rubbed his hands (DO). |

Then he went {to his camp}and filled his hat (DO) {with cake-crumbs}, [Adv. to "filled"

for the Parsee never ate anything (DO) {but cake}, and never swept out his camp

(DO).] | He took that skin (DO), | and he shook that skin (DO), | and he

scrubbed that skin (DO), | and he rubbed that skin (DO) just as full [#3] {of old, 

dry, stale, tickly cake-crumbs and some burned currants} [Adv. to the preceding "as" as ever

it could possibly hold.] | Then he climbed {to the top} {of his palm-tree} and waited

{for the Rhinoceros} to come [#4] {out of the water} and put it [#4] on. |


1. Note the proximity of some adverbs to prepositional phrases with their objects ellipsed. In this case, "by" obviously means "by where the skin was left."
2. Bright students may argue that "one smile" does not answer the question "smiled what?" as much as it does "smiled how much?" Thus they may explain it as a noun used as an adverb. I would accept either explanation. (See "Alternative Explanations.")
3. "Full" is a predicate adjective, describing "skin," after the ellipsed infinitive "to be." The ellipsed infinitive phrase is the direct object of "rubbed."
4. At KISS Level Four, students will learn to explain the infinitives "to come" and "put" as the core of an infinitive phrase with "Rhinoceros" as its subject and "it" as the direct object of "put." The infinitive phrase functions as the object of the preposition "for."