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(Code and Color Key)

Varied Positions in S/V/C Patterns (Ex # 1): from
Stories of Robin Hood Told to the Children
by Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall
Analysis Key


 
1. "Long may they live, | and happy (PA) may they be." |

2. The very middle {of the target} was painted (P) white [#1]. | Then came a red

ring, | then *came* a black one, | and last *came* a yellow one. | [#2]

3. So old (PA) and ugly (PA) he was. | *He was* Older (PA) and uglier (PA)

even [#3] [Adv. to "Older" and "uglier" than Robin had expected]. |
 

4. Such laughing (PN) [#4] and talking (PN) there was; | they had so many

adventures (DO) to relate [#5], such jokes (DO) to tell [#5]. |
 

5. "Oh [Inj], how sweet (PA) it would be [Adv. to "would be" if this dear lady would

be my bride (PN)]." |
 

6. "*May God* Bless your life (DO), sir [DirA], | what a head (DO) you have," 

[ [SCInj] said the old woman laughing [#6] . |
 

7. They had some buckets (DO) {of water} ready [#7]. | These (DO) they

poured {over poor Little John} [Adv. to "poured" till he was as wet (PA) [Adv. to the 

previous "as" as Robin had been [Adv. to "had been" after he fell {into the river}]]]. |


Notes
1. "White" is a retained predicate adjective after the passive "was painted." The active voice version would be "Someone painted the middle of the target *to be* white." In the active version, "white" is a predicate adjective after the ellipsed infinitive "to be"; "middle" is the subject of the infinitive, and the infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "painted."
2. Alternatively, one could skip the ellipsis and consider "one" and "one" as being compound subjects, but the adverbs "then" and "last" still imply the ellipsed verbs.
3. This "even" functions as an adverb to "older" and "uglier," and as an adverb to the following adverbial clause.
4. If you want to explain "there" as an expletive, then "laughing" and "talking" function as the subject. That the verb is "was" and not "were" indicates that the writer considers "laughing and talking" as a single, combined activity. Note, by the way, that "laughing: and "talking" are gerunds.
5. The infinitive "to relate" functions as an adjective to "adventures," and the infinitive "to tell" functions as an adjective to "jokes." Note that this compound complement is joined only by a comma, and not by a comma plus "and."
6. "Laughing" is a gerundive that modifies "woman."
7. "Ready" is a post-positioned adjective to "buckets."