The KISS Grammar Workbooks Code and Color Key

Studies in Style

Stories of Robin Hood Told to the Children, by Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall

The Opening Sentences of Chapter Eight: Robin Hood and King Richard
Analysis Key

      [Adv. to "found" WhenRichard Coeur de Lioncameback {from the Holy 

Land}], hefound England (DO) {in a sad state}. | Prince Johnhad ruledvery

badly and had done many cruel and unjust acts (DO). | Hehad madethe people

(DO) very unhappy [#1], [Adv. (of result) to "had made" so theyrejoicedgreatly [Adv.

to "rejoiced" when the Kingreturned.]] |

      Heset to work{at once} to try to put things right [#2] again. | [Adv. to 

"decided" After hehad been {in London} a short time [NuA],] hedecided to

go [#3] {to Nottingham} to find out {for himself} the truth [#4] {about Robin Hood}. |


Notes
1. "Unhappy" is a predicate adjective after an ellipsed infinitive "to be"; "people" is the subject of the infinitive, and the infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "had made."
2. "Right" is a predicate adjective after an ellipsed infinitive "to be" ("things *to be* right"). The subject of that infinitive is thus "things." This infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of the infinitive "to put." "To put" functions as the direct object of the infinitive "to try." "To try" functions an an adverb (of purpose) to "set to work."
3. At KISS Level Two, "to go" can be explained as part of the finite verb; at KISS Level Four, when they study infinitives, most students will probably explain "to go" as the direct object of "decided."
4. "Truth" is the direct object of the infinitive "to find out." The infinitive functions as an adverb of purpose to "to go." (Note that "out" can be considered as part of the infinitive (which means "to discover") or it can be considered an adverb.