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(Code and Color Key)

"You" as the Understood Subject (Ex # 1): from
Stories of Robin Hood Told to the Children, by Henrietta Elizabeth Marshall
Analysis Key


 
1. *You* Take up [#1] my cousin (DO) and carry him (DO) there. |

2. *You* Just wait there [Adv. to "wait" until I get a stick (DO)]. |

3. *You* Come to see me [#2] next time [NuA] [Adj. to "time" you have meat (DO)

to sell [#3] ]. |

4. *You* Go, tell [#4] your master (IO) Robin Hood [#5] [DO that the Sheriff

means to kill him [#6] ]. |

5. "*You* Come, good Little John [DirA]," [ [#7] she said, turning [#8] {to him}]. |

6. "*You* Grant me (IO) one favour (DO), master [DirA]," [ [#7] he said]. |

7. *You* Call in [#9] all our scattered men (DO), [ [#10] for I would be {at St. 

Mary's Abbey} {by noon}]. |

8. "*You* Sound the trumpet (DO)," [ [#7] said the Bishop turning [#11] {to the 

captain} {of his soldiers}]. |

9. "*You* Go back and wait [Adv. to "wait" till I have come over,]" [ [#7] he

called out as soon [Adv. to "as" as he noticed the stranger (DO)]]. |


Notes
1. "Up" can also be considered as part of the finite verb since "Take up" here means "lift."
2. "Me" is the direct object of the infinitive "to see." The infinitive phrase functions as an adverb (of purpose) to "come."
3. The infinitive "to sell" functions as an adjective to "meat."
4. Even though "Go" and "tell" are not joined by "and," they clearly share the same subject.
5. Robin Hood is an appositive to "master."
6. "Him" is the direct object of the infinitive "to kill." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "means."
7. Grammar textbooks rarely, if ever, deal with sentences such as this, where a quotation precedes the indication of the speaker or writer. KISS treats these clauses as interjections.
8. "Turning" is a gerundive that modifies "she."
9. "In" can be considered as an adverb, the remnant of an ellipsed prepositional phrase -- "call into camp..." Or it can be explained as part of the verb phrase since "call in" can be replaced by "collect."
10.  See the discussion of "so" and "for" as conjunctions.
11. "Turning" is a gerundive that modifies "Bishop."