The Printable KISS Workbooks KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

The "To" Problem
Ex # 1 Based on Black Beauty, by Anna Sewell
Analysis Key

 
1. My mother whinnied {to me} to come [#1] {to her}. |

2. Are you going to live {next door} [#2] {to me} {in the box}? |

3. {After this} I was sent (P) {to Tattersall's} to be sold [#3]. |

4. Then we were sold (P) {to a fashionable gentleman}, and were sent (P) up {to London}. |

5. He held the oats (DO) {to me}, | and I began to eat [#4]  {without fear}. |

6. We shall all have to be judged (P) {according to our works}. |

7. He got {out of the carriage} [#5] and came to speak [#6] {to us}. |

8. It was wisest (PA) always to do my best to please my master [#7]. |

9. He came {to me} next and tried to drag me [#8] {out of the stall} {by force}. |

10. [Adv. to "was" When they brought me (DO) {to James}], he was very 

angry (PA) to see such big sticks [#9]. |


Notes
Because this exercise functions on the "to" problem, and because "to" plus a verb is generally a verbal (infinitive), the following notes assume that unless otherwise explained.
1. Adverb (of purpose) to "whinnied."
2. Although I have marked "next door" as an adverbial prepositional phrase, some people may prefer to explain "next" as an adjective to "door" and "door" as a noun that functions as an adverb. In either case, grammarians will still have fun explaining the "to me" phrase. Perhaps the simplest way to do so is to consider it an adverb to "next."
3. Adverb (of purpose) to "was sent." Note that the infinitive itself is in passive voice.
4. Alternatively, "to eat" can be explained as a verbal (infinitive) that functions as the direct object of "began."
5. Alternatively, "got out of" can be explained as the finite verb phrase (meaning "left" or "exited." That would make "carriage" a direct object.
6. Adverb (of purpose) to "came."
7. "Master" is the direct object of the infinitive "to please" which functions as an adverb to "to do." "My best" is the direct object of the infinitive "to do," which functions as a delayed subject to "it." 
8. "Me" is the direct object of the infinitive "to drag." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "tried."
9. "Sticks" is the direct object of the infinitive "to see" which functions as an adverb to "angry."