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KISS Grammar Tongue Twisters
Subordinate Clauses - Exercise # 1
Analysis Key

1. Cows graze {in groves} {on grass} [Adj. to "grass" which grows {in grooves} {in groves}]. |

2. Big Billy, [Adj. to "Big Billy" who had a big belly (DO)], was also a big bully (PN). |

3. Shy Shelly says [DO she shall sew sheets (DO)]. |

4. Who washed Washington's white woolen underwear (DO) [Adv. to "washed" when

Washington's washer woman went west [NuA] ]? |

5. [Adv. to "were watching" While we were walking], we were watching window

washers wash [#1] Washington's windows {with warm washing water}. |

1. Expect many students to think that this is a finite verb in a subordinate clause. It is not, and you can show them that by having them substitute a pronoun for "washers." The pronoun will be "them," not "they." Thus "wash" is an infinitive. "Washers" is its subject, and "windows" is its direct object. The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "were watching."