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(Code and Color Key)

The Pastor and the Bear
(contributed by Alyse Fielder, Suffolk, N.Y.)
Analysis Key through KISS Level Three (Clauses) +

     A Pastor fibs and takes a Sunday (DO) off to go hunting [#5]. | He slides 

{down a muddy hill}, loses his hunting rifle (DO) and injures his leg (DO). | [Adv. to

"is" As he looks up,] he is face [#1] {to face} {with a large hungry bear}. | The Pastor 

immediately prays {to God} and promises to never fib [#2] again nor take off another 

Sunday {in search} {of his own satisfaction}. | He prays [DO of "prays" that God has

made this bear a Christian [#3].] | The bear falls down {on his knees}, folds his hands

(DO) and raises his face (DO)  {to the sky} and prays, [DO of "prays" "Thank you

(DO)  Lord [DirA], {for the food} [Adj. to "food" I am about [#4] to receive.]] |  

Amen." |


1. In "He is face to face,..." The first "face" is a noun used as an adverb, and the phrase thus indicates where he is. 
2. In "promises to never fib again nor take off another Sunday," "to fib" and "to take off" are infinitives that function as the direct objects of "promises." Many students will label them as direct objects without knowing that they are infinitives. That is fine. If students ask, I would tell them that they are infinitives, but I would not expect the students, at this level, to learn to identify them as such. If students simply ignored them, that too would be fine. (KISS -- Have the students master one construction at a time. Here they should be focussing on the majority of the normal words in S/V/C patterns.) Note that "Sunday" is the direct object of the infinitive "to take off" ("miss").
3. Some students will simply consider "bear" as the direct object of "made," and that is fine at this level. In Level Four they will learn that this is an ellipsed infinitive construction ("this bear *to be* a Christian"), and the whole infinitive phrase is the direct object of "made."
4. There are numerous ways of analyzing "about to receive." Some grammarians will claim that it "has to be" this or that explanation, but I would accept any of them. The construction, after all, is very common, perhaps idiomatic, and there is not much sense in arguing over explanations. One explanation is to equate "about" with "ready," and thus explain it as a predicate adjective. In KISS Level Four, students will learn that "to receive" is an infinitive, and, in this explanation, it simply modifies "about." Another explanation designates "about" as a preposition with "to receive" functioning as a noun, the object of the preposition. The prepositional phrase can then be explained either as an adverb modifying "was" or as an adjective modifying the subject. The latter would mean that the phrase functions as a predicate adjective.
5. At KISS Level Four, "to go" is explained as an infinitive that functions as an adverb to "takes off"; "hunting" is a gerund that functions as a noun used as an adverb.