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Rewriting Adjectival Clauses as Main Clauses and Main as Adjectival
From Alice in Wonderland, by Lewis Carroll
Analysis Key

A. Rewriting Adjectival Clauses as Main Clauses

Directions: Rewrite each sentence by changing an adjectival subordinate clause into a main clause. (You can do this by creating two main clauses or by creating compound finite verbs in one main clause.)

1. The Queen said it (DO) {to the Knave} {of Hearts}, [Adj. to "Knave" who only bowed and smiled {in reply}]. | [16 w/mc; focus is on "said" with a logical connection of identity (non-restrictive)] 

Separate Sentences: The Queen said it to the Knave of Hearts. | He only bowed and smiled in reply. | [8 w/mc] 
2. Alice found herself (DO) {in a long, low hall}, [Adj. to "hall" which was lit (P) up {by a row} {of lamps} hanging [#1] {from the roof}]. | [21 w/mc; focus is on "found" with a logical connection of identity (non-restrictive)] 
Separate Sentences: Alice found herself in a long, low hall. | It was lit up by a row of lamps hanging from the roof. | [10.5 w/mc] 
3. The Hatter looked {at the March Hare}, [Adj. to "March Hare" who had followed him (DO) {into the court}]. | [14 w/mc; focus is on "looked" with a logical connection of identity (non-restrictive)] 
Separate Sentences: The Hatter looked at the March Hare. | The Hare had followed him into the court. | [7.5 w/mc] 
4. Her face brightened up {at the thought}  [Adj. to "thought" that she was now the right size [NuA] {for going [#2] } {through the little door} {into that lovely garden}]. | [24 w/mc; focus is on "brightened" with a logical connection of identity (restrictive)] 
Compound Main Clauses: Her face brightened up at the thought | -- she was now the right size for going through the little door into that lovely garden. | [11.5 w/mc] This one may be difficult for some students. It depends on the students seeing that the dash (or a colon) can be used to make the second clause main as an amplification of "thought."
5. Five, [Adj. to "Five" who had been anxiously looking {across the garden},] called out, "The Queen! The Queen!" (DO) | [15 w/mc; focus is on "called out" with a logical connection of identity (non-restrictive)] 
Separate Sentences: Five had been anxiously looking across the garden. | He called out, "The Queen! The Queen!" | [7.5 w/mc] 
Compound Finite Verbs: Five had been anxiously looking across the garden and called out, "The Queen! The Queen!" | [15 w/mc] 


B. Rewriting Main Clauses as Adjectival

Directions: Rewrite each sentence by changing a main clause into an adjectival subordinate clause.

1. Soon her eye fell {on a little glass box}. | It was lying {under the table}. | [7.5 w/mc] 

Soon her eye fell on a little glass box [that was lying under the table]. |  [15 w/mc; Main Idea (Focus) = "eye fell"; Logic = Restrictive -- specifies which box]
2. "We, indeed! [Inj]" (DO) cried the Mouse. | He was trembling down {to the end} {of its tail}. | [7.5 w/mc] 
"We, indeed!" cried the Mouse, [who was trembling down to the end of its tail]. |  [15 w/mc; Main Idea (Focus) = "cried"; Logic = non-restrictive -- adds additional details about the mouse]
3. All [Adj. to "all" she could see] was an immense length (PN) {of neck}. | It seemed to rise [#3] {like a stalk} {out of a sea} {of green leaves} [Adj. to "leaves" that lay far {below her}]. | [14.5 w/mc] 
All she could see was an immense length of neck, [which seemed to rise like a stalk out of a sea of green leaves that lay far below her]. |  [29 w/mc; Main Idea (Focus) = "could see"; Logic = non-restrictive -- adds additional details about the neck]
4. She was walking {by the White Rabbit}. | The Rabbit was peeping anxiously {into her face}. | [7.5 w/mc] 
She was walking by the White Rabbit, [who was peeping anxiously into her face]. |  [14 w/mc; Main Idea (Focus) = "was walking"; Logic = non-restrictive -- adds additional details about the White Rabbit]
5. She came {upon a neat little house}. | {On its door} was a bright brass plate. | [7.5 w/mc] 
She came upon a neat little house, [on the door of which was a bright brass plate]. |  [17 w/mc; Main Idea (Focus) = "came"; Logic = non-restrictive -- adds additional details about the house]

Notes
1. "Hanging" is a gerundive that modifies "lamps."
2. The gerund "going" functions as the object of the preposition.
3. The verb "seem" would probably raise many discussions among grammarians. (It is rarely, if ever, discussed in textbooks.) The easiest explanation here, and probably the best, is to consider "seemed to rise" as the finite verb phrase. Some people may prefer to explain "to rise" as an infinitive that functions as a direct object of "seemed"; others may see it as an adverb to "seemed." This becomes a tangled discussion of terms.
4.