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Subordinate Clauses as Interjections: 
An Exercise in Punctuation

From Alice in Wonderland, by Lewis Carroll
Analysis Key

     Many of the clauses which are considered interjections actually "connect" ("chunk") to the sentence structure. But when they are put in parentheses, rhetoricians classify them as "parenthetical constructions." As such, they are viewed as side-comments, or background information. 

1. This time [NuA] she found a little bottle (DO) {on it} [Inj. ("which certainly

     was not here before," [Inj. [#1] said Alice])], | and tied {'round the neck}

      {of the bottle} was a paper label, {with the words} "DRINK ME" [#2] 

      beautifully printed [#3] {on it} {in large letters}. |

2. Two began, {in a low voice}, [DO [#4] "Why [Inj], the fact is, [Inj. you

     see, Miss [DirA],] [PN this here ought to have been a red rose-tree

     (PN)], and [PN we put a white one (DO) in {by mistake}]; | and, [Adv.

      to "should have" if the Queen was to find it out [#5] ], we should all 

     have our heads cut [#6] off, [Inj. you know]. | So you see, Miss [DirA]

     [DO we're doing our best (DO), [Adv. to "are doing" afore she comes

     to -- [#7] "]] |

3. She generally gave herself (IO) very good advice (DO) [Inj. (though 

     she very seldom followed it (DO) )], | and sometimes she scolded 

     herself (DO) so severely {as to bring tears [#8] } {into her eyes}. |

4. Alice had no idea (DO) what to do [#9], | and {in despair} she put her 

     hand (DO) {into her pocket} and pulled out a box (DO) {of comfits} 

     [Inj. (luckily [Inj] the salt-water had not got {into it} )] and handed 

     them (DO)  'round {as prizes}. |

5. So she was considering {in her own mind} [Inj. (as well [Adv. to "as" 

     as she could, [Adv. to "as well as" for [#10] the day made her feel very 

     sleepy and stupid [#11] ]])], [DO of "was considering" whether the 

     pleasure {of making a daisy-chain [#12] } would be worth (PA) the 

     trouble [NuA] {of getting up and picking the daisies [#13] } ], [Adv. to 

      "was considering" when suddenly a White Rabbit {with pink eyes} ran

     close {by her}]. |

6. Suddenly a footman {in livery} came running [#14] {out of the wood} 

     [Inj. (judging [#15] {by his face} only, she would have called him a 

     fish [#16] )] -- and rapped loudly {at the door} {with his knuckles}. |

7. However, this bottle was not marked (P) "poison," [#17] [Adv. (result)

      to "not" so Alice ventured to taste it [#18] ], | and, finding it very 

     nice [#19] [Inj. (it had a sort (DO) {of mixed flavor} {of cherry-tart, 

      custard, pineapple, roast turkey, toffy and hot buttered toast} )], she very soon 

     finished it (DO) off. |

8. Just then Alice ran across [#20] the Duchess (DO) [Inj. (who was now

      {out of prison} )]. |

1. See KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?
2. "Drink me" is, of course, a verb and direct object, but here the words function as an appositive to "words."
3. "Printed" is a gerundive that modifies "words."
4. "To say" is obviously ellipsed. As for the direct object, there are two ways of looking at it. In one sense, the entire quotation is the direct object. But KISS breaks such quotations after the first main clause within the quotation. Note, however, that the first main clause break could be seen as the comma after "rose-tree." Sometimes it is difficult to determine what is or is not a "main clause." For more on this see KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object? 
5. Grammarians could have long discussions about this verb formation, but most people will probably easily see it as the equivalent of "finds out."
6. "Heads cut," which functions as the direct object of "have," can be explained in two ways. First, it can be considered an ellipsed infinitive phrase -- "heads *to be* cut." Or it can be seen as a noun absolute that functions as the direct object. For more on the latter, see KISS Level 5.8 - Noun Absolutes.
7. The dash indicates that the speaker is interrupted here. The "to" is probably the start of an infinitive phrase.
8. "Tears" is the direct object of the infinitive "to bring." That infinitive phrase functions as the object of the preposition "as," and the "as" phrase chunks to the preceding "so."
9. The infinitive "to do" functions as an adjective to "what." The "what" can be considered the object of an ellipsed preposition -- "*about* what do do," or the "what to do" phrase can be seen as an appositive to "idea."
10. For this "for" and for the initial "So," see KISS Level 3.2.2 - "So" and "For" as Conjunctions.
11. "Sleepy" and "stupid" are predicate adjectives after the infinitive "feel." "Her" is the subject of the infinitive, and the infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "made."
12. "Daisy-chain" is the direct object of the gerund "making," which functions as the object of "of."
13. "Daisies" is the direct object of "picking." "Getting (up)" and "picking" are gerunds that function as the objects of the preposition "of."
14. "Came running" can be explained as a palimpsest pattern with "came" written over "was." See KISS Level 2.1.4 - Palimpsest Patterns. At KISS Level 4, some people may prefer to see "came" as the finite verb and "running" as a gerund that functions as a Noun Used as an Adverb. See Exercise 4 on Gerunds in KISS Level Four.
15. "Judging" is a Noun Used as an Adverb. See Exercise 4 on Gerunds in KISS Level Four.
16. The KISS explanation of "him a fish" is to consider "him" the subject and "fish" a predicate noun to an ellipsed infinitive "to be" -- "would have called him *to be* a fish." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "would have called."
17. "Poison" is a retained predicate noun after the passive "was marked." See "Retained Complements" in KISS Level 5.7 - Passive Voice and Retained Complements.
18. "It" is the direct object of the infinitive "to taste." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "ventured."
19. "It" is the subject and "nice" is the predicate adjective in an ellipsed infinitive phrase -- "it *to be* nice." This phrase functions as the direct object of the gerundive "finding." The entire gerundive phrase (including the interjection) chunks to the following "she."
20. "Ran across" is an idiom for "met" or "saw."