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Subordinate Clauses as Interjections: 
An Exercise in Punctuation

From Alice in Wonderland 
by Lewis Carroll


Illustration by
Gordon Robinson
Directions
1. Place parentheses around each prepositional phrase.
2. Underline every subject once, every verb twice, and label complements ("PA," "PN," "IO," "DO").
3. Put brackets [ ] around every subordinate clause and use arrows or labels to indicate their function.
4. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.

1. This time she found a little bottle on it ("which certainly was not 

     here before," said Alice), and tied 'round the neck of the bottle was

     a paper label, with the words "DRINK ME" beautifully printed on it

     in large letters.

2. Two began, in a low voice, "Why, the fact is, you see, Miss, this here

     ought to have been a red rose-tree, and we put a white one in by 

     mistake; and, if the Queen was to find it out, we should all have our 

     heads cut off, you know. So you see, Miss, we're doing our best, afore

     she comes, to -- "

3. She generally gave herself very good advice (though she very seldom

     followed it), and sometimes she scolded herself so severely as to 

      bring tears into her eyes.

4. Alice had no idea what to do, and in despair she put her hand into her

     pocket and pulled out a box of comfits (luckily the salt-water had not 

     got into it) and handed them 'round as prizes.

5. So she was considering in her own mind (as well as she could, for the 

     day made her feel very sleepy and stupid), whether the pleasure of 

     making a daisy-chain would be worth the trouble of getting up and 

     picking the daisies, when suddenly a White Rabbit with pink eyes ran

     close by her.

6. Suddenly a footman in livery came running out of the wood (judging by

     his face only, she would have called him a fish) -- and rapped loudly 

     at the door with his knuckles.

7. However, this bottle was not marked "poison," so Alice ventured to 

     taste it, and, finding it very nice (it had a sort of mixed flavor of 

     cherry-tart, custard, pineapple, roast turkey, toffy and hot buttered 

     toast), she very soon finished it off.

8. Just then Alice ran across the Duchess (who was now out of prison).