The Printable KISS Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology

Multiple Ways of Combining Sentences
From Alice in Wonderland, by Lewis Carroll

     Because these sentences are relatively simple, I have not provided a complete analysis key. The examples I have given for responses are probably close to what most students will do, but there are, of course, other acceptable combinations. Remember that the objective of this exercise is to show students different ways to combine their sentences, thereby increasing their syntactic flexibility.

1. Next came the guests. They were mostly Kings and Queens.

As SC: Next came the guests, who were mostly Kings and Queens.
As App: Next came the guests, mostly Kings and Queens.
2. The White Rabbit was still in sight. It was hurrying down the long passage.
As SC: The White Rabbit, which was hurrying down the long passage, was still in sight.
As Gerundive: The White Rabbit was still in sight, hurrying down the long passage.
3. Alice was not a bit hurt, and she jumped up in a moment.
As SC: Alice, who was not a bit hurt, jumped up in a moment.
As PPA: Alice, not a bit hurt, jumped up in a moment.
4. Alice went back to the table. She was half hoping she might find another key on it.
As SC: Alice, who was half hoping she might find another key on it, went back to the table.
As Gerundive: Alice went back to the table, half hoping she might find another key on it.
5. The next witness was the Duchess's cook. She carried the pepper-box in her hand and the people near the door began sneezing all at once.
As SC: The next witness, who was the Duchess's cook, carried the pepper-box in her hand and the people near the door began sneezing all at once.
As App: The next witness, the Duchess's cook, carried the pepper-box in her hand and the people near the door began sneezing all at once.
6. There was a sound of many footsteps and Alice looked 'round. She was eager to see the Queen.
As SC: There was a sound of many footsteps and Alice, who was eager to see the Queen, looked 'round..
As PPA: There was a sound of many footsteps and Alice looked 'round, eager to see the Queen.
7. "Here! You may nurse it a bit, if you like!" the Duchess said to Alice. And she flung the baby at her as she spoke.
As SC: "Here! You may nurse it a bit, if you like!" the Duchess said to Alice, as she flung the baby at her as she spoke.
As Gerundive: "Here! You may nurse it a bit, if you like!" the Duchess said to Alice, flinging the baby at her as she spoke.
8. Alice opened the door and found that it led into a small passage. It was not much larger than a rat-hole.
As SC: Alice opened the door and found that it led into a small passage that was not much larger than a rat-hole.
As PPA: Alice opened the door and found that it led into a small passage, not much larger than a rat-hole.
9. Our family always hated cats.  They are nasty, low, vulgar things!
As SC: Our family always hated cats, which are nasty, low, vulgar things!
As App: Our family always hated cats -- nasty, low, vulgar things!