Introduction to the KISS Workbooks
(Code and Color Key)

Recognizing the Full Verb Phrase
(Modal Helping Verbs)
Lassie, Come Home, by Eric Knight 
Analysis Key

1. Her nose and ears would warn her (IO) [#1] {of any approaching danger}. |

2. She must keep away {from men}. |

3. Lassie ought to have some exercise (DO). |

4. It may live the night [#2]. |

5. This two-footed animal could never catch up [#3] {with her}. |

6. She didn't even need to put on [#3] speed (DO). |

7. Lassie did not seem to worry [#4] {about Hynes}. |

8. She just kept on [#3] going {at a steady lope}, {down the path}, {over the lawn}. |

9. It would be a terrible waste (PN). |

10. Only once {in a while} could they see a glimpse (DO) {of the dog}. |

11. But it might need some help (DO). |

1. Some people may see "her" as a direct object, and at KISS Levels One and Two I would simply accept that. At KISS Level Three students will begin to see clauses that function as the direct object, as in "It would warn her that danger is approaching." Once they can see that clauses can function as the direct object of "warn," students will probably better understand why "her" would be an indirect object.
2. "Night" here explains not what it might live, but how long it might live. Thus it is not a direct object but rather a noun used as an adverb
3. Alternatively, "up" can be explained as an adverb. (See KISS Level 2.1.5 - Phrasal Verbs (Preposition? Or Part of the Verb?) Note that at KISS Level 1.1, students are expected to be confused by these.
4. Students working at KISS Level One will probably consider "did seem to worry" as the verb phrase here. Whether or not "seem" is a helping verb here is a matter of debate. Once they get to verbals, some people will prefer to see "did seem" as the finite verb and "to worry" as a verbal (infinitive) that functions either as the direct object of, or as an adverb to, "did seem." Thus either explanation should be accepted.