The KISS Printable Books Page
(Code and Color Key)

Identifying Tenses
Lassie, Come Home, by Eric Knight
Analysis Key


1. I'll be back {for ye} {at noon}. | [Future]

2. Dogs have been bred (P) {throughout the years} to develop types to meet

varying needs [#1] . | [Past]

3. It's my duty (PN). |  [Present]

4. And the crack {of a gun} will send most collies running [#2] {for cover}. | 

[Technically future, but a general present]

5. She turned away angrily and continued to set the table (DO) [#3]. | [Past]

6. Downstairs {in the subterranean office}, Fergusson blustered {before his assistant}. | [Past]

7. Lassie does look a bit [NuA] poorly. | [Present]

8. I shall report you (DO) -- {for both impertinence and cruelty}. | [Future]

9. Lassie was not listening {to him} now. | [Past]

10. This dog has no signs (DO) {of rabies}. | [Present]


Notes
1. Expect most students working at KISS Level One to be confused here. They will probably mark the "to" phrases as prepositional phrases. See KISS Level 2.2.1 - The "To" Problem. "Needs" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to meet." This infinitive phrase functions as an adjective to explain "types." "Types" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to develop." This infinitive phrase functions as an adverb (of purpose) to "have been bred."
2. First of all, some students will mark "collies running" as a subject and verb. Tell them that is a mistake that they are expected to make. But since "Collies running for cover" is not an acceptable sentences, "running" should not be underlined twice. [For more on this see KISS Level 2.1.6 - Distinguishing Finite Verbs from Verbals.] 
     As a verbal, "running" can be explained in at least three different ways. Some people will see it as a gerundive that modifies the direct object "collies." Others will explain it as a gerund that functions as a noun used as an adverb to indicate "where" they will send them. Finally, some people will see "collies running" as a noun absolute that functions as the direct object of "will send." For more on this, see KISS Levels 4 Verbals (Gerunds, Gerundives, & Infinitives) and 5.8 - Noun Absolutes.
3. At KISS Level One, most students will probably mark "continued to set" as the finite verb phrase. I would simply accept that. Indeed, many grammarians do not address the question of whether verbs such as "continue" are or are not helping verbs. When they get to verbals, some students will prefer to see "table" as the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to set." In that case, the infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "continued."