1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase.
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements ("PN," "PA," "IO," "DO").
3. Place brackets around each subordinate clause. If the clause functions as a noun, label its function ("PN," "IO," "DO," "OP") above the opening bracket. If it functions as an adjective or adverb, draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the clause modifies.
4. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.
5. Briefly explain the logic implied by the words and/or punctuation marks that join the compounded main clauses.
1. For a second a flash of vigor flowed over her, and her tail lifted a little
higher so that she looked almost
2. Lassie did what any dog will do: she braced herself for the tug and
lowered her head.
3. Lassie scratched at places in the fence where her instinct told her there
might be a path to safety, but Hynes
had reinforced them all.
4. Isn't there a law or something
-- if you go to the pound, you can claim a dog?
5. Look at it shiver -- it isn't
6. Her tired legs drove with the
beat, her forefeet pumped steadily.
7. Where Lassie's coat faded to delicate sable, this curious dog had ugly
splashes of black; and where Lassie's apron was a billowing expanse of
white, this dog had muddy puddles
of off-color, blue-merle mixture.
8. Dogs cannot do this; they must wait blindly until the circumstance
faces them and then do their best
to meet it.
9. Oh, she was starved and bony, but somehow she reminded me of Bonnie.