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(Code and Color Key)

Adding Adjectives and Adverbs (Ex # 1)
from Heidi by Johanna Spyri
Analysis Key

Because the color codes should explain the function of most adjectives and adverbs, notes have been used only for those cases that might require explanation. (Unlike the analysis keys for most exercises, the functions of individual words within prepositional phrases are color coded here.)

1. He did not often get such a treasure (DO), | and therefore [#1] his face

was beaming | and he laughingly dropped the money (DO) deep [#2] {into

his pocket}. |

2. Heidi looked thoughtfully {at her fresh, new bed}. |

3. The strong wind nearly blew her (DO) {from her seat}. |

4. Suddenly she heard a loud, sharp scream (DO). |

5. Heidi suddenly wiped away her tears (DO), [Adv. (cause) to "wiped away"

[#3] for she had had a cheering thought (DO) ]. |

6. Blue and yellow flowers graciously greeted her (DO) {at every step}. |

7. The old grandmother alone [#4] stuck {to him} faithfully. |

8. She unexpectedly found herself (DO) {on a high white bed} {in a spacious

room} [#5]. |

9. A black stream {of ink} flowed darkly {across the length} {of the room}. |

10. Clara had a pale, thin face (DO) {with soft blue eyes}, [Adj. to "eyes"

which {at that moment} were watching the clock (DO) impatiently]. |


Notes
1. Some grammarians call "therefore" a conjunctive adverb because it helps connect two main clauses. Note that "and therefore" could be replaced by "so," but so doing would make the subordinate clause an adverbial clause of result.
2. Expect students who have not studied prepositional phrases to be confused by this. The adverb "deep" modifies the following adverbial prepositional phrase.
3. See KISS Level 3.2.2 - "So" and "For" as Conjunctions.
4.  If a student wanted to explain "alone" as an adverb to "stuck," I would accept it, but I would probably also ask the class how many of them see that as an acceptable explanation.
5. Because our brains tend to chunk constructions to the nearest thing that makes sense, I've marked the "in" phrase as adjectival and embedded in the preceding phrase, and thus modifying "bed." I would also accept it as an adverbial phrase to "found."