The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

A Passage for Analysis
From Chapter 22 "Something Unexpected Happens"
of Heidi by Johanna Spyri
Analysis Key

     The sky was a deep blue (PA), | and the snow {on the peaks} was

glistening. | The eagle was floating {above the rocky crags}. | The children

felt [#1] wonderfully happy (PA) [#1]. | Now and then one [#2] {of the goats}

would come and lie down {near them}. | Tender little Snowhopper came

oftener {than any} [#3] and would rub her head (DO) {against their shoulders}. |

1. Some students will feel that "happy" answers the question "felt how?" and not "felt what?" Tell them that they are good thinkers. The problem here is that "happy" is an adjective. KISS therefore explains this as a palimpsest pattern, with ""felt" written over "were." (See KISS Level 2.1.4 - Palimpsest Patterns.) Tell the students that they are expected to run into some problems and that they will study palimpsest patterns in KISS Level Two.
2. Expect some students to consider "goats" the subject. Again remind them that they are expected to make mistakes and that they will be studying prepositional phrases in KISS Level 1.5. (Now you see why KISS insists on the importance of students' being able to recognize prepositional phrases.
3. Alternatively, "than any" can be explained as an ellipsed subordinate clause -- "than any *of the other goats came*."