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Prepositional Phrases as Indirect Objects
from Heidi by Johanna Spyri
     In a sentence such as “He gave the flower to June,” some grammarians consider “to June” to be an adverbial phrase that modifies “gave.” Others consider “to June” to be a prepositional phrase that functions as an indirect object of “gave.” Either explanation is acceptable.

Part One:

1. Place parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase. Write "IO" over phrases that function as indirect objects.
2. Underline every verb twice, its subject(s) once, and label any complements ("PA," "PN," "IO," or "DO").

1. Aunt Deta has left a bundle for you.

2. At last she had found a splendid chance for Heidi.

3. Heidi might bring a lovely present to the grandmother.

4. "A gentleman with white hair sends his regards to you, Mr. Sesemann."

5. She talked to Heidi and amused her in various ways.

6. Brigida now showed Heidi's feather hat to the old man and asked him

to take it back.

7. Clara gave many messages to him for Heidi.

Part Two:

     On separate paper, rewrite each of the sentences, but replace the prepositional phrases with normal indirect objects.