The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Expletives
from Heidi by Johanna Spyri
Analysis Key

     Remember that if we explain the "there" as the subject, the verb agrees in number with the predicate noun (because predicate nouns are equal to the subject).

1. There is only one teacher (PN) there. |

Or: There [Expletive] is only one teacher there. |
2. Nobody said a word (DO), | and there was an uncomfortable silence (PN). |
Or: Nobody said a word (DO), | and there [Expletive] was an uncomfortable silence. |
3. Suddenly there was another knock (PN) {at the door} [#1]. |
Or: Suddenly there [Expletive] was another knock {at the door} [#1]. |
4. {Of course} there was enough room (PN) {in the huge house}. |
Or:  {Of course} there [Expletive] was enough room {in the huge house}. |
5. "Adelheid [DirA], there is only one punishment (PN) {for you}." |
Or: "Adelheid [DirA], there [Expletive] is only one punishment {for you}." |
6. A few days [NuA] afterwards there was great excitement (PN) {in the Sesemann residence}. |
Or: A few days [NuA] afterwards there [Expletive] was great excitement {in the Sesemann residence}. |
7. There are lovely stories (PN) {in this book}. |
Or: There [Expletive] are lovely stories {in this book}. |
8. There were a great many lovely things (PN) {in the trunk}. |
Or: There [Expletive] were a great many lovely things {in the trunk}. |
9. There is too much snow (PN) {for him} to get through [#2]. |
Or: There [Expletive] is too much snow {for him} to get through [#2]. |
10. There were many people (PN) {at the first} and {at the second fountain}. |
Or: There [Expletive] were many people {at the first} and {at the second fountain}. |

Notes
1. "At the door" can also be explained as adverbial to "was."
2. "Through" is a preposition with its object ("it") ellipsed. The verbal (infinitive) "to get" functions as an adverb to "too."