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Is It a Preposition?
from Heidi by Johanna Spyri
Analysis Key

1. [Adv. to "walked" After the wind had ceased somewhat], she walked 

{round the hut} back {to her grandfather}. |

2. Heidi pulled the sack (DO) to and fro {with all her might}, | but she could not 

unfold it (DO), [Adv. to "not" for [#1] it was too heavy (PA) {for her little arms}]. |

3. Not a word had escaped Heidi (DO), [Adv. to "had escaped" until she now

said, [DO "I can go up alone {from the village}]]. | I know the road (DO)." |

4. Barbara had only lived {in the village} {since her marriage}. |

5.  Very soon [#2] [Adv. to "sought" after Heidi had gone up], [Adv. to

"sought" before it was quite dark (PA)], the old man also sought his bed (DO). |

6. He could not possibly be the uncle (PN) {of all the people} {in the village}, | but 

[Adv. to "did" since everybody spoke {of him} so], she did the same (DO). |

7. How could he look {after a child}, especially {*after* such a little one}? |

8. "Oh [Inj], *you* do come up and bring a sheet (DO), grandfather [DirA],

[Adv. to "not" for [#1]  every bed must have a sheet (DO)]." |

9. I have taken care (DO) {of her} {until this summer} | and now a good

place has been offered (P) {to me}. |

10. The grandfather, looking [#3] up, saw the child standing motionless [#4] 

{before him}. |

1. See KISS Level 3.2.2 - "So" and "For" as Conjunctions.
2. "Very soon" Can be considered adverbial to the following adverbial clauses, or the clauses can be considered as adverbial to "very soon." Either way, we end up with a long adverbial construction that modifies "sought."
3. "Looking" is a verbal (gerundive) that modifies "grandfather."
4. "Child standing motionless" would evoke a fair amount of discussion among grammarians. In the KISS perspective, it is a noun absolute that functions as the direct object of "saw." It also involves a palimpsest pattern with "standing" written over "being," thereby making "motionless a predicate adjective. See KISS Level 2.1.4 - Palimpsest Patterns, and KISS Level 5.8 - Noun Absolutes.