The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
Untangling Embedded Subordinate Clauses
from Heidi
by Johanna Spyri
1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase.
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements ("PN," "PA," "IO," "DO").
3. Place brackets around each subordinate clause. If the clause functions as a noun, label its function  ( "Subj.," "IO," "DO," "OP") above the opening bracket. If it functions as an adjective or adverb, draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the clause modifies.
4. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.

1. Deta shook hands with her companion and stood still while Barbara 

     approached the tiny, dark-brown mountain hut, which lay in a 

     hollow a few steps away from the path.

2. I prophesy that you will learn it in a very short time, as a great many

     other children do that are like you and not like Peter.

3. The people in the village called to her now more than they had 

     on her way up, because they all were wondering where she had

     left the child.

4. Clara was looking forward to this visit, and told Heidi so much 

     about her dear grandmama that Heidi also began to call her by

     that name, to Miss Rottenmeier's disapproval, who thought that

     the child was not entitled to this intimacy.

5. "I can bring the kittens to your house, if you tell me where you

     live," said Heidi's new friend, while he caressed the old cat, who

     had lived with him many years.

6. Autumn and winter had passed, and Heidi knew that the time was

     coming when Peter would go up the Alp with his goats, where the

     flowers were glistening in the sunshine and the mountains were all afire.