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A Focus on Gerundives
from Heidi by Johanna Spyri
Analysis Key

1. Then he and Heidi together put the heavy sheet (DO) {on the bed},

tucking the ends [#1] in well. |
 

2. Heidi flew {to the hearth}, and bringing back the little stool [#2], sat 

down {on it}. |
 

3. Taking a long breath [#3], she put down her little bowl (DO). |
 

4. The grandfather stood {under the door}, watching her [#4], [Adv.

to "stood" when suddenly a shrill whistle was heard (P) ]. |
 

5. Uttering a cry [#5] {of joy}, Heidi ran {into the middle} {of the flock},

greeting her old friends [#6]. |
 

6. {In the middle} {of the night} the grandfather got up, saying [#7] {to

himself}: [DO "I am sure (PA) [Adv. to "sure" she is afraid (PA) ]."] |
 

7. Picking whole bunches [#8] {of sparkling flowers} to take [#9] home [NuA] 

{with her}, she put them (DO) all {into her little apron}. |
 

8. The goats, scenting the pungent herbs [#10], also hurried up {without

delay}. |
 

9. Heidi, taking off her apron [#11], rolled it (DO) tightly together and

put it (DO) {beside Peter's bag}. |
 

10. Breaking off a piece [#12] {of bread} {for herself}, she gave Peter 

(IO) the rest (DO). |


Notes
1. "Ends" is the direct object of the gerundive "tucking" which modifies "he" and "Heidi."
2. "Stool" is the direct object of the gerundive "bringing" which modifies "Heidi."
3. "Breath" is the direct object of the gerundive "Taking" which modifies "she."
4. "Her" is the direct object of the gerundive "watching" which modifies "grandfather."
5. "Cry" is the direct object of the gerundive "uttering" which modifies "Heidi."
6. "Friends" is the direct object of the gerundive "greeting" which modifies "Heidi."
7. The gerundive "saying" modifies "grandfather."
8. "Bunches" is the direct object of the gerundive "Picking" which modifies "she."
9. The infinitive "to take" functions as an adjective to "bunches" and as an adverb to "Picking."
10. "Herbs" is the direct object of the gerundive "scenting" which modifies "goats."
11.  "Apron" is the direct object of the gerundive "taking" which modifies "Heidi."
12.   "Piece" is the direct object of the gerundive "Breaking" which modifies "she." Note that "for herself" can be seen as adverbial to "Breaking" and as adjectival to "piece."