1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase.
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements (“PN,” “PA,” “IO,” “DO”).
3. Place brackets around each subordinate clause. If the clause functions as a noun, label its function ("PN," "IO," "DO," "OP") above the opening bracket. If it functions as an adjective or adverb, draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the clause modifies.
4. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.
5. Put a box around every gerund and gerundive. If it is a gerund indicate its function over the box. If it is a gerundive, draw an arrow to the word it modifies.
6. Write in any ellipsed infinitives. Put an oval around every infinitive and indicate (as in three above) its function.
1. She is bright for her five years
and keeps her eyes wide open.
2. Overhanging rocks on one side
made the cliff dangerous.
3. They left the door only partly
4. It always made Peter unhappy
when Heidi did not come along.
5. Brigida found the old man busy with putting a new beam along
6. I wonder how you can keep the
child warm in winter.
7. "You have made him angry!" said
Heidi with a furious look.
8. "Of course you shall call me
9. Miss Rottenmeier found it wiser now to stay in the study to
prevent further disturbances.
10. The white one's name is Schwänli and the brown one I call Bärli.