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A Focus on Post-Positioned Adjectives
from Heidi by Johanna Spyri
Analysis Key

     Note how, in some cases, the post-positioned adjectives become separated from the nouns they modify.

1. She has not the slightest desire (DO) to do something [#1] useful [PPA]. |

"something *that is* useful"
2. Heidi came running [#2] {to Peter}, {with her apron} full [PPA] {of flowers}. |
"apron *that was* full of flowers"
3. Something strange [PPA] and weird [PPA] was happening {in the house}. |
"Something *that was* strange and weird"
4. "Yes, {of course}. | [#3] You can have several (DO) [Adv. (condition)

      to "may have "if you have room (DO) {for them},"] [ [#4] the old man

     said, glad [PPA] to find a good home [#5] {for the kittens}]. |

"man . . .  *who was* glad"
5. Nothing remarkable [PPA] happened {for a few days}. |
"Nothing *that was* remarkable"
6. "This is a chair (PN) {for me} [#6]. | I am sure (PA) {of it} [Adv. to

      "sure"  because it is so high (PA)]. | How quickly it was made (P) !" 

     [ [#4] said the child, full [PPA] {of admiration and wonder}]. |

"child, *who was* full"
7. [Adv. to "would run" When the wind would howl {through the fir-trees} 

      {on those stormy days}], Heidi would run out {to the grove}, thrilled [PPA]

     and happy [PPA] {by the wondrous roaring} {in the branches}. |

"Heidi . . . *who was* thrilled and happy" ["Thrilled is also a gerundive.]
8. Soon Peter arrived, white [PPA] {with fear}, [Adv. to "white" [#7] for he

     thought [DO his doom had come]]. |

"Peter . . . *who was* white"
9. [Adv. to "were surprised" When they had all come down {with terrified

      looks}], they were most surprised (P) to see Mr. Sesemann [#8]

     fresh [PPA] and cheerful [PPA], giving orders [#9]. |

"Mr. Sesemann *who was* fresh and cheerful"
10. Heidi had suddenly learned to read [#10] {with the utmost correctness}

     most rare [PPA] {with beginners}. |

"*which was* most rare" [Here we have a "which" that refers to a verb. See KISS Level  3.2.4 - "Tag" and Other Questions about Clauses.]

1. "Something" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to do." The infinitive phrase functions as an adjective to "desire."
2. "Came running" is a palimpsest pattern with "came" written over "was." See KISS Level 2.1.4 - Palimpsest Patterns.
3. In statistical studies, this would be counted as a main clause fragment.
4. KISS explains clauses like this one as interjections. For an alternative explanation, see KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?
5. "Home" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to find."  The infinitive phrase functions as an adverb to "glad."
6. Like many of the prepositional phrases in this exercise, this one can be seen as an adjective and/or as an adverb. In this case "for" me can be seen as describing "chair" and or "is."
7. As a subordinating conjunction, "for" often introduces an  adverbial clause of cause, but cause in the sense that the clause gives not so much a direct cause/effect connection, but rather the writer's reason (cause) for what was just said. In this case, for example, the "for" clause explains the writer's reason for stating that Peter was white with fear. The "for" is a more tentative "because". See KISS Level 3.2.2 - "So" and "For" as Conjunctions.
8. "Mr. Sesemann" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to see." The infinitive phrase can be explained in two ways. It can be seen as an adverb (How?) to "were surprised." Alternatively, it can be seen as a retained subject after a passive verb -- "To see Mr. Sesemann fresh, cheerful, and giving orders most surprised them." See KISS Level 5.7 - Passive Voice and Retained Complements.
9. "Orders" is the direct object of the verbal (gerundive) "giving." The gerundive phrase modifies "Mr. Sesemann."
10. The infinitive "to read" functions as the direct object of "had learned."