1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase.
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements ("PN," "PA," "IO," "DO").
3. Place brackets around each subordinate clause. If the clause functions as a noun, label its function ("PN," "IO," "DO," "OP") above the opening bracket. If it functions as an adjective or adverb, draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the clause modifies.
4. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.
5. Label each delayed subject “DS.”
1. It won't take long to learn.
2. It is difficult to understand him.
3. It is impossible to instill any knowledge into this being.
4. It would take several hours to have her carried up from Ragatz.
5. It was awfully hard for Heidi to stop crying when she had
6. She told him that it had not been her intention to leave Heidi
with him long.
7. The boy thought it was a more useful occupation to look for
hazel-rods than to learn to read, for he always needed the rods.
8. I cannot say how hard it is for me to refuse Clara this trip.
9. But grandfather, sometimes I felt as if I could not bear it any
longer to be away from you!
10. Tinette had not even told the child, for she thought it beneath
her dignity to speak to the vulgar Heidi.