The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
KISS Level 5.7
Clauses as Retained Complements 
Based on Heidi by Johanna Spyri
1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase. 
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements (“PN,” “PA,” “IO,” “DO”).
3. Write a "P" over every passive verb.
4. Place brackets around each subordinate clause. If the clause functions as a noun, label its function (PN, IO, DO, OP) above the opening bracket. If it functions as an adjective or adverb, draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the clause modifies. (Label Retained Clauses as "RDO.")
5. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.

1. Grandmama was told how the miracle had happened.

2. Soon it was resolved that everybody should visit the grandmother.

3. When they were told that Clara might stay for a month or so, their

faces beamed more than ever.

4. The butler was told that he should get ready for travelling with the child.

5. She was informed that it was not safe for anybody, and that only 

goats could climb such dreadful heights.